What does the Bible say about empathy?


By BibleAsk Team


Empathy, the ability to understand and share the feelings of another, is a complex human trait that plays a significant role in interpersonal relationships, moral development, and compassionate action. While the term “empathy” is not explicitly mentioned in the Bible, the principles and teachings found within its pages offer profound insights into the importance of compassion and understanding towards others. Let us examine what the Bible has to say about this topic.

Compassion and Love for Others:

At the heart of empathy is a deep sense of compassion and love for others. The Bible repeatedly emphasizes the importance of loving one’s neighbor as oneself and showing kindness and mercy towards those in need.

  • Matthew 22:39 (NKJV) records Jesus’ teaching on the greatest commandments: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” This commandment underscores the importance of empathy, as it calls believers to treat others with the same care, concern, and understanding that they would desire for themselves.
  • Galatians 6:2 (NKJV) exhorts believers to bear one another’s burdens: “Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ.” This verse emphasizes the importance of compassion in supporting and comforting others during times of difficulty or hardship.

Jesus the Ultimate Example:

The life and teachings of Jesus Christ serve as the ultimate example of love in action. Throughout the Gospels, Jesus demonstrated compassion and understanding towards those who were suffering, marginalized, or in need.

  • Matthew 9:36 (NKJV) describes Jesus’ response to the crowds: “But when He saw the multitudes, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were weary and scattered, like sheep having no shepherd.” This passage highlights Jesus’ loving response to the physical and spiritual needs of the people, as he was deeply moved by their struggles and vulnerabilities.
  • Hebrews 4:15 (NKJV) affirms Jesus’ compassion for humanity: “For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin.” Jesus’ incarnation as a human being allowed him to experience the full range of human emotions and struggles, enabling him to empathize with the challenges and trials faced by humanity.

Bearing One Another’s Burdens:

Empathy involves bearing one another’s burdens and offering support and encouragement to those who are struggling. The Bible encourages believers to show empathy and compassion towards others, especially during times of adversity or suffering.

  • Romans 12:15 (NKJV) instructs believers to “Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep.” This verse highlights the importance of empathy in sharing both the joys and sorrows of others, demonstrating solidarity and support in all circumstances.
  • 1 Thessalonians 5:11 (NKJV) encourages believers to “comfort each other and edify one another.” This verse emphasizes the role of empathy in providing comfort, encouragement, and emotional support to those who are experiencing hardship or distress.

The Golden Rule:

The Golden Rule, found in various forms in different cultures and religions, encapsulates the principle of empathy and reciprocity. It teaches individuals to treat others as they would like to be treated, fostering empathy, understanding, and mutual respect.

  • Matthew 7:12 (NKJV) records Jesus’ teaching on the Golden Rule: “Therefore, whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.” This verse underscores the importance of empathy in guiding one’s actions and interactions with others, as it calls believers to consider the perspective and feelings of others in their treatment of them.
  • Luke 6:31 (NKJV) similarly presents the Golden Rule: “And just as you want men to do to you, you also do to them likewise.” This verse reinforces the principle of reciprocity and empathy, urging believers to extend kindness, compassion, and understanding to others in all their interactions.

Empathy and Forgiveness:

Empathy plays a crucial role in the process of forgiveness and reconciliation, as it enables individuals to understand and empathize with the perspectives and experiences of others, leading to greater understanding, healing, and restoration.

  • Ephesians 4:32 (NKJV) exhorts believers to “be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God in Christ forgave you.” This verse emphasizes the importance of empathy in fostering forgiveness and reconciliation, as it calls believers to extend the same grace and mercy to others that they have received from God.
  • Colossians 3:13 (NKJV) similarly urges believers to “bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, if anyone has a complaint against another; even as Christ forgave you, so you also must do.” This verse highlights the role of empathy in promoting understanding and reconciliation, as it calls believers to empathize with the struggles and shortcomings of others, extending forgiveness and grace in the process.


In conclusion, while the term “empathy” may not be explicitly mentioned in the Bible, the principles and teachings found within its pages affirm the importance of compassion and understanding towards others. The Bible calls believers to love one another, bear one another’s burdens, and treat others with kindness, respect, and empathy, following the example of Jesus Christ.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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