What is the Bible?


By BibleAsk Team

What is the Bible?

The Bible consists of 66 books written by holy men under the inspiration of God. “For prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit”  (2 Peter 1:21). It is the very thought of God communicated to men. The vitality of the Scriptures is due to the life breathed into them by the Creator Himself. The endurance of their power and their adequacy to fulfill every need of man witnesses to their divine authorship.

The Bible is one of the most influential texts in human history, shaping the religious, cultural, and moral landscapes of numerous societies. Comprising two main sections—the Old Testament and the New Testament—the Bible is not just a sacred scripture for millions of Jews and Christians around the world, but also a monumental work of literature that has deeply influenced Western civilization. This essay explores the historical context, structure, literary significance, theological impact, and cultural influence of the Bible, highlighting its enduring relevance.

The Bible is God’s road map to heaven (John 6:63); it is man’s textbook of salvation. Therefore, it “is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16). All that needs to be said regarding man’s duty to His Maker has been said in the Bible. Blessed are those that follow its instructions (Luke 11:28).

Historical Context

The Bible’s origins are deeply rooted in the ancient Near East, with the Old Testament primarily composed of texts written between the 12th and 2nd centuries BC. These texts include historical accounts, laws, prophecies, poetry, and wisdom literature. The New Testament, written in the first century AD, documents the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and the early Christian Church. The compilation of these texts into a single canonical book was a complex process involving numerous councils and decisions over several centuries, ultimately resulting in the Bible as we know it today.

Historically, the Bible has been at the center of significant events, including the spread of Christianity throughout the Roman Empire, the establishment of medieval Christendom, the Reformation, and the Enlightenment. It has been translated into countless languages, making it accessible to people around the globe and profoundly shaping human history.

Structure and Content

The Bible is divided into the Old and New Testaments. The Old Testament, also known as the Hebrew Bible, consists of 39 books. Major sections of the Old Testament include the Torah (Pentateuch), historical books, wisdom literature, and prophetic books. The New Testament contains 27 books, including the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, Epistles, and Revelation.

Major themes in the Bible include creation, covenant, sin, redemption, and salvation (see Plan of Salvation). The Old Testament focuses on the relationship between God and the people of Israel, while the New Testament centers on the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ and the implications of these events for humanity’s salvation.

Literary Significance

The Bible is a literary masterpiece that encompasses a variety of genres, including narrative, poetry, prophecy, epistolary, and apocalyptic literature. Its rich tapestry of stories, characters, and moral teachings has inspired countless works of art, literature, and music. The King James Version, in particular, is renowned for its majestic prose and has had a profound influence on the English language, contributing idioms, phrases, and archetypal stories that are still in use today.

The Bible’s literary qualities are evident in the poetic beauty of the Psalms, the profound wisdom of Proverbs, the tragic drama of Job, and the visionary symbolism of Revelation. Its stories—such as the Creation, the Exodus, David and Goliath, and the Parables of Jesus—are deeply embedded in the cultural consciousness.

Theological Impact

Theologically, the Bible is foundational for both Judaism and Christianity. Key theological concepts include the nature of God, the problem of evil, the role of faith, the concept of the Messiah, and the promise of eternal life. For Jews, the Torah is the central text, guiding religious practice and ethical behavior. For Christians, the New Testament reveals the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies through Jesus Christ, offering a path to salvation.

Interpretation of the Bible varies widely among denominations and religious traditions, leading to diverse theological perspectives. The Bible’s teachings have sparked theological debates and schisms, but they have also inspired movements for social justice, humanitarian efforts, and personal transformation.

Cultural and Social Influence

The Bible’s impact on Western civilization cannot be overstated. It has shaped legal systems, ethical frameworks, and cultural norms. Its stories and symbols are pervasive in art, literature, and popular culture, from Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel ceiling to John Milton’s “Paradise Lost” and contemporary films and novels.

The ethical and moral teachings of the Bible have influenced concepts of justice, human rights, and the dignity of the individual. The Sermon on the Mount, for example, has inspired movements for civil rights and social equality. The Bible’s emphasis on compassion, forgiveness, and love continues to resonate in contemporary society.

The Plan of Salvation

The Lord created humans with the ability to choose good or evil (Deuteronomy 30:19). To be a citizens of God’s kingdom, humans need to walk in accordance to God’s law of love (Exodus 20:3-17; Proverbs 3:2). But to choose the devil’s way is to choose not to love which leads to eternal death (Psalm 37:9).

Sadly, the human race rebelled against God and they disconnected themselves from Him, the life giver, and hence lost their eternal life (Genesis 3). And their sin led to death (Romans 6:23). But God felt infinite deep compassion over the human race and planned to send His Son to redeem them. The innocent Son of God, the Creator of all, died to pay the penalty of man’s sin and to set His children free from the deadly clutches of Satan (John 1:12).

For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life” (John 3:16). Through God’s gift of love, it becomes possible for the believers to be “called the sons of God” (1 John 3:1). “Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends” (John 15:13).

Good News and Hope

The Bible presents the good news of God’s salvation that became available for those that accept the death of Jesus on their behalf. Those that accept Christ’s love must live a life of obedience to Him (John 14:15). But those the reject Jesus’ death on their behalf will have to die for their own sins.

The amazing truth of the Bible is that the Lord not only offers forgiveness for sin but He also gives the believers the power to live a rightouss life (Philippians 4:13) and He grants a new godly nature to His children (1 Corinthians 15:57). Thus, the Lord fully delivers His children from the power of sin and its bondage.

The Lord gives eternal life, which is granted to the believer at the moment he accepts his Lord (1 John 3:14; 5:11, 12). This gift the overcomer never loses. Physical death and the state of unconsciousness between death and the resurrection do not take away this gift.

The believer’s life continues to be “hid with Christ in God” (Colossians 3:3) to be translated into glorious immortality on the resurrection morn. Jesus promised, “And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand” (John 10:28). Thus, salvation, redemption, and love are the central theme of the Bible (Isaiah 45:22).


In conclusion, the Bible is not only God’s Word to man, but also a cornerstone of human literature and culture. Its historical significance, literary beauty, theological depth, and plan of salvation make it of unparalleled importance. The Bible’s messages of faith, hope, and love continue to inspire readers around the world, affirming its eternal relevance.

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