The Bible answers the question: Who is God?
Table of Contents
God – Definition
God is the Being, who is perfect, omnipotent, omniscient originator and ruler of the universe, the principal object of faith and worship.
God is a Spirit Being (John 4:24). He is One: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, a unity of three coeternal Persons (Matthew 3:16-17). God is infinite (1 Timothy 1:17) – yet He desires an intimate connection with humans. He is without equal (2 Samuel 7:22), unchanging (Malachi 3:6), omnipresent (Psalm 139:7-12), omniscient (Psalm 147:5; Isaiah 40:28), and omnipotent (Revelation 19:6).
God is loving (1 John 4:8), just (Isaiah 61:8), holy (1 Peter 1:16), compassionate (Exodus 33:19), merciful (Ephesians 2:4), truthful (John 3:33), longsuffering (Romans 2:4), forgiving (Exodus 34:7), good (James 1:17), and full of grace (1 Timothy 1:14).
The attribute of love is an identifying part of His essential nature; without it He would not be “God.” It is God’s mercy that moderates His judgments and makes Him “longsuffering” (Exodus 34:6). It is this same unchanging character of God that gives poor, helpless sinners the hope for eternal life (Psalms 103:8–14; 145:8; Jeremiah 29:11; 31:3). Love is the pre-eminent quality of the Creator with respect to His creatures. It is the controlling power in His divine government.
While God is gracious to repentant sinners, He cannot afford to weaken His government by failing to uphold its righteousness and justice (Psalms 85:10; 89:14). God’s justice is an essential part of His nature no less than His mercy; without it, God could not be God.
Although we read in the Scriptures that God rejoices in mercy (Micah 7:18), we never read that He delights in executing judgments upon His created beings. On the contrary, His judgments are said to be a “strange work” (Isaiah 28:21).
God is the Creator of the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1, 26; Psalm 146:6; Nehemiah 9:6; Colossians 1:17; John 1:3; Ephesians 3:9; Hebrews 1:2). By His power all things (material or immaterial) cohere. And He Sustains His creation (Psalm 104:27).
God showed us His infinite love on the cross when He offered His Son to die to atone for the penalty of human sin. “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life” (John 3:16).
This divine self-sacrificing love makes it possible for us to be “called the sons of God” (1 John 3:1). “Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends” (John 15:13).
There are no limits to the love of God. There are none to whom He withholds the privileges of saving grace. But there is one condition—belief in, and willing cooperation with Him (John 1:12).
God’s love is offered to all humanity, but only those who choose to accept it will be blessed with eternal life in God’s presence. It is the realization of God’s goodness and love that should inspire us to repent of our sins (Romans 2:4).
God is our heavenly Father (Matthew 6:9). No other word than “Father” so fully expresses the love and tender care of God toward His created beings. Humanity is as a speck of dust amidst the wonders of the galaxy and beyond. The Psalmist writes, “When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, The moon and the stars, which You have ordained, What is man that You are mindful of him…” (Psalms 8:3, 4).
Despite our inferiority to His omni-everything, and despite sin separating the human family from God, He still invites us to call Him Father. This should awaken in us awe, humility, and earnest gratitude (Isaiah 57:15).
In His service,