While tradition suggests that Peter met his violent death at Rome, there is no reference in the Bible for that except one hint that is found in the verse in 1 Peter 5:13 as the name “Babylon” suggests. The clause in that verse reads literally, “she that is in Babylon salutes you.”
And since there is no historical evidence that supports the idea that Peter ever ministered in literal Babylon, we can conclude that Peter was referring to Rome in his letter. It is a known fact that the early Christians often used the title “Babylon” to refer to the Roman capital, to avoid political punishments. the apostle John shows that in the following verse: “And another angel followed, saying, “Babylon[a] is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication” (Rev. 14:8).
Bible commentators agree that Peter in his first epistle 5:13 used the term Babylon as a covered reference to Rome. The apostle Peter went to Rome towards the end of his life. And his first epistle displays the existence of an unfriendly attitude toward Christians (1 Peter 2:12; 4:12–16). This may suggest the time of Nero’s persecution, which began in A.D. 64.
Also, the fact that there is no reference to Peter’s presence in Rome in Paul’s letters suggests that Peter did not arrive to Rome until “about the time of Paul’s final arrest”, which was about A.D. 66.
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In His service,