What does the word perfect in Job 1:1 really mean? Was Job sinless?

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“There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil” (Job 1:1).

Perfect which in Hebrew is tam does not necessarily imply absolute sinlessness. It signifies, rather, completeness, integrity, sincerity, but in a relative sense. The man who is perfect in the sight of God is the man who has reached the degree of development that Heaven expects of him at any given time.

The Hebrew term tam is equivalent to the Greek teleios, which is often translated perfect in the NT but which is better translated “full grown” or “mature” (1 Cor. 14:20, where teleioi is translated “men” in contrast with “children”).

The Hebrew word tōm, translated in Job 1:1 as perfect, has a number of different usages. The word, or one of its derivatives, is used in Genesis 17:1 where God told Abraham to “be perfect.” And all Israel was instructed to “be perfect” in verses such as Deuteronomy 18:13, 2 Samuel 22:33, and Psalm 101:2,6.

Obviously, then, the Hebrew word in Job 1:1 was used to describe a person who was attempting to follow God’s commandments to the best of his ability. Job was straight, just and right in his loyalty and devotion to God.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team


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