Who was Noah in the Bible?


Noah, a prominent figure in the Bible, is best known for his role in the story of the Great Flood. His narrative is found primarily in the book of Genesis, and he is considered a key patriarch in the biblical account of human history. This exploration will delve into his life, examining his background, the construction of the ark, the flood, and his significance in both biblical and cultural contexts.

Lineage and Background

Noah is introduced in Genesis 5:29, where his father, Lamech, expresses hope that he would bring comfort to humanity. He was a descendant of Seth, a lineage chosen by God, and is often described as a righteous and blameless man in his generation (Genesis 6:9).

Noah’s genealogy is traced back to Adam through Seth in Genesis 5. Noteworthy is the mention of Enoch, Noah’s great-grandfather, who “walked with God” and was taken away by God without experiencing death (Genesis 5:22-24). This genealogy sets the stage for this narrative as a continuation of the godly line in a world tainted by wickedness.

God’s Command to Build the Ark

The central event in Noah’s life is God’s command to build an ark. God informs him about His intention to bring a flood upon the earth due to its corruption and violence (Genesis 6:13). God instructs him to build an ark to save himself, his family, and pairs of every kind of animal.

The detailed specifications for the ark are outlined in Genesis 6:14-16. It was to be a massive vessel made of gopher wood, sealed with pitch, and divided into rooms. The dimensions were to be 300 cubits in length, 50 cubits in width, and 30 cubits in height. This ark would serve as a means of salvation from the impending flood.

Noah’s obedience to God’s command is highlighted in Genesis 6:22, stating that he did everything exactly as God commanded. This obedience extended to the gathering of animals, as God instructed him to bring two of every kind, male and female, into the ark to ensure the continuation of life after the flood (Genesis 7:1-3).

In Genesis 7:7, Noah, along with his family, entered the ark, and pairs of animals followed, just as God had commanded. The loading of the ark marked the beginning of a new chapter in human and animal history.

The Flood

Genesis 7 narrates the onset of the flood, describing the breaking open of the fountains of the great deep and the opening of the windows of heaven. Rain fell for forty days and forty nights, causing a deluge that covered the entire earth.

The floodwaters prevailed on the earth for 150 days (Genesis 7:24). During this time, the ark, guided by God’s providence, floated on the waters, ensuring the safety of Noah, his family, and the animals within.

God’s Covenant

After the floodwaters receded, God made a covenant with Noah, symbolized by the rainbow, promising never again to destroy all life with a flood (Genesis 9:8-17). This covenant marked a new beginning for humanity and a fresh start for the earth.

God blessed Noah and his sons, instructing them to be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth. He granted them authority over the animals and established the principle of capital punishment for those who took another’s life (Genesis 9:1-7).


Noah’s legacy extends beyond the ark and the flood. He lived for 950 years (Genesis 9:29), witnessing significant events in the post-flood world. His three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, became the ancestors of the various nations that populated the earth.

The descendants of Shem include the Semitic peoples, including the Israelites. Ham’s descendants settled in Africa, and Japheth’s descendants populated parts of Europe and Asia. The dispersion of Noah’s descendants played a crucial role in shaping the diversity of human cultures.

Noah in the New Testament

Noah is referenced in the New Testament, illustrating his significance in the biblical narrative. In the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus compares the days of Noah to the coming of the Son of Man, emphasizing the importance of readiness and vigilance (Matthew 24:37-39).

The Book of Hebrews includes Noah in the Hall of Faith, commending his faith and obedience in building the ark for the salvation of his household (Hebrews 11:7). His story serves as a testament to the enduring power of faith in action.


Noah’s narrative in the Bible is a tale of obedience, faith, and divine intervention. From his righteous lineage to the construction of the ark and the covenant after the flood, his story resonates across generations. His legacy persists in cultural, religious, and literary traditions, making him an enduring symbol of hope, redemption, and God’s faithfulness in the face of adversity.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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