Who was Simeon the devout in the New Testament?


By BibleAsk Team

Simeon the Devout

Simeon the Devout is a significant yet often overlooked figure in the New Testament, whose story is found in the Gospel of Luke. His brief appearance in the biblical narrative carries profound implications, providing a glimpse into the devout and patient anticipation of the Messiah. This exploration will delve into his encounter with the infant Jesus in the Temple, and the prophetic words he uttered.

Simeon apparently belonged to the group of humble searchers of the Scriptures, such as Zacharias and Elizabeth (Luke 1:6, 67), Joseph (Matthew 1:19), Mary (Luke 1:28), the shepherds (Luke 2:8-20), Anna (Luke 2:37), the wise men (Matt. 2:11), Joseph of Arimathaea (Mark 15:43), and a few others (2:38). It was to these faithful ones who were looking for the Messiah that Heaven made known the appearance of the Messiah (Hebrews 9:28).

Bible Reference

Simeon is introduced in the Gospel of Luke, chapter 2, verses 25-35. “And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon, and this man was just and devout, waiting for the Consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him” (Luke 2:25, NKJV).

The narrative emphasizes Simeon’s righteousness and devotion, highlighting his upright character and unwavering commitment to God’s commandments. His life was marked by faithfulness, and he stood out as a beacon of righteousness in the religious landscape of Jerusalem.

His devoutness was further expressed in his patient expectation of the “Consolation of Israel.” This phrase refers to the long-awaited Messiah, the one who would bring comfort, salvation, and redemption to the people of Israel (Isaiah 12:1; 40:1; 49:13; 51:3; 61:2; 66:13; etc.). Simeon’s life was characterized by an eager anticipation of the fulfillment of God’s promises.

The mention of the Holy Spirit being upon Simeon is significant, indicating divine guidance and empowerment. This spiritual connection underscores Simeon’s unique role in the unfolding narrative of salvation history.

The Encounter in the Temple

Simeon’s pivotal moment occurs when he is led by the Spirit to the Temple, where Joseph and Mary bring the infant Jesus for the customary presentation. Simeon’s encounter with the child is captured in Luke 2: “Then he took Him up in his arms and blessed God and said: ‘Lord, now You are letting Your servant depart in peace, According to Your word; For my eyes have seen Your salvation Which You have prepared before the face of all peoples, A light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, And the glory of Your people Israel'” (Luke 2:28-32, NKJV).

The act of taking Jesus in his arms is a poignant gesture, symbolizing a personal and intimate connection between Simeon and the promised Messiah. This physical embrace underscores the depth of Simeon’s faith and the profound impact of this moment on his life.

Simeon’s response is a spontaneous outburst of praise and gratitude. His heart overflows with joy and recognition of God’s faithfulness in fulfilling the promise of salvation. His declaration of being ready to depart in peace reflects a profound sense of fulfillment. Having witnessed the Messiah, he feels a deep assurance that God’s redemptive plan is in motion.

The Prophetic Words

Simeon’s blessing extends beyond personal fulfillment, transcending into a prophetic utterance. In Luke 2, he addresses Mary, revealing the destiny that awaits her child: “Then Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary His mother, ‘Behold, this Child is destined for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign which will be spoken against (yes, a sword will pierce through your own soul also), that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed'” (Luke 2:34-35, NKJV).

Simeon’s prophecy foretells the polarizing impact of Jesus on the people of Israel. The Messiah would be a catalyst for division, challenging hearts and prompting a decisive response from individuals.

The mention of Jesus as a “sign” that will be spoken against indicates the controversy and opposition that the Messiah will face. Despite being a beacon of hope, Jesus would be met with resistance and skepticism.

The prophecy concludes with a poignant imageā€”a sword piercing Mary’s soul. This metaphorical language speaks to the deep emotional anguish Mary would experience, foreshadowing the pain she would endure as she witnesses her son’s sacrificial journey.


Simeon the Devout’s brief but profound appearance in the New Testament provides a rich testimony in faith, anticipation, and prophetic insight. His righteousness, devotion, and spiritual sensitivity position him as a model of steadfastness and receptivity to the leading of the Holy Spirit. Simeon’s encounter with the infant Jesus not only brings personal fulfillment but also marks a pivotal moment in the unfolding drama of God’s redemptive plan for humanity. Through his words and actions, Simeon becomes a witness to the divine promise and a herald of the transformative impact that the Messiah would have on the world.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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