Who was Elizabeth in the New Testament?


By BibleAsk Team


Elizabeth, a central figure in the New Testament, is known for her significant role in the miraculous events surrounding the birth of John the Baptist. Her story unfolds in the Gospel of Luke, offering a glimpse into the divine orchestration of God’s plan and the interconnectedness of key figures in biblical narratives.

Lineage and Righteousness

The word Elizabeth comes from the Hebrew word ‘Elisheba,’ meaning “my God has sworn,” or “my God is abundance.” This woman, introduced in Luke 1:5, is described as being from the “daughters of Aaron.” This lineage connects Elizabeth to the priestly heritage, highlighting her devout background and righteous upbringing. In the cultural context of the time, this lineage signified a family dedicated to serving God in the sacred duties of the temple.

Her Barrenness

Despite her righteous standing, Elizabeth faced a poignant challenge—she was barren, and both she and her husband, Zacharias, were advanced in years (Luke 1:7). Barrenness in ancient times was often perceived as a source of shame, yet it served as a backdrop for the miraculous events that would soon unfold.

The Angelic Visitation

The narrative takes a supernatural turn when the angel Gabriel appears to Zacharias while he is serving in the temple (Luke 1:11-17). Gabriel announces the impending birth of a son to Zacharias and his wife, a child who would play a crucial role in preparing the way for the Messiah. Zacharias, initially skeptical, is struck mute until the prophecy is fulfilled.

The Joyful Reunion

Following the angelic visitation, this woman conceives, and in her sixth month of pregnancy, her relative Mary visits her. The encounter between Elizabeth and Mary is deeply significant, as it marks the recognition of the divine presence within both unborn children—John the Baptist and Jesus. Elizabeth, filled with the Holy Spirit, acknowledges Mary as the mother of her Lord (Luke 1:41-45).

Her Prophetic Utterance

Filled with the Holy Spirit, Elizabeth utters a prophetic blessing over Mary, recognizing the unique role Mary’s child would play in the redemptive plan of God. Her words echo with spiritual insight and confirm the divine nature of Mary’s conception (Luke 1:42-45). Her prophetic utterance reflects a deep understanding of the unfolding events and the Messiah’s significance.

John the Baptist’s Birth and Circumcision

As Elizabeth’s pregnancy progresses, she experiences the joy of giving birth to a son. The miraculous nature of John’s birth is emphasized by the angel’s earlier announcement and the overcoming of Elizabeth’s barrenness. The neighbors and relatives rejoice with her, recognizing the Lord’s mercy (Luke 1:57-58). During John’s circumcision, Elizabeth boldly names him John, contrary to family tradition, affirming the angelic directive (Luke 1:59-66).

The Significance of John’s Birth

Elizabeth’s obedience in naming her son according to the angel’s instruction underscores her faith and submission to God’s divine plan. John’s birth not only brings joy to his parents but also marks the beginning of a pivotal era in salvation history—a heralding of the Messiah’s imminent arrival.


Elizabeth’s role in the New Testament is marked by faith, obedience, and a profound connection to the unfolding drama of redemption. Her story, intricately woven into the fabric of the Gospel of Luke, highlights the miraculous power of God to fulfill His promises and use seemingly ordinary individuals to play extraordinary roles in His divine plan. Elizabeth, a woman of faith, stands as a testament to the transformative work of God in the lives of those who trust in Him.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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