How will God judge people at the last day?


By BibleAsk Team

Understanding how God will judge people at the last day involves delving into the theological concepts of divine justice, mercy, and accountability as presented in the Bible, particularly through the lens of the Ten Commandments and the light individuals have received. Let’s explore this topic in detail, examining relevant passages from the Bible, and considering the principles of judgment articulated therein.

The Nature of God’s Judgment

    a. Divine Justice: Scripture affirms that God is a just judge who will render judgment according to righteousness and truth (Psalm 7:11). His judgments are impartial, fair, and in accordance with His holy and righteous character (Romans 2:6, NKJV).

    b. Divine Mercy: Alongside His justice, God is also merciful and compassionate, desiring that all people come to repentance and salvation (2 Peter 3:9). His judgment is tempered with mercy, offering opportunities for repentance and forgiveness (Ephesians 2:4-5).

    c. Individual Accountability: Scripture teaches that each person will be held accountable for their actions and attitudes before God (Romans 14:12). This includes not only outward behavior but also the thoughts and intentions of the heart (Hebrews 4:12).

    The Role of the Ten Commandments

      a. Moral Standard: The Ten Commandments, given by God, serve as a moral standard by which human conduct is evaluated (Exodus 20:1-17). They articulate fundamental principles of righteousness and provide a framework for ethical living.

      b. Universal Principles: While the Ten Commandments were originally given to Israel, their moral principles are considered universal and applicable to all people (Romans 2:14-15). They reflect God’s eternal standards of right and wrong (James 2:12).

      c. Conviction of Sin: The Apostle Paul writes that the law brings the knowledge of sin, convicting individuals of their need for forgiveness and redemption (Romans 3:20). The law serves to highlight humanity’s moral shortcomings and point them to the grace of God in Christ.

      Judgment by the Light Received

        a. General Revelation: Scripture teaches that God has revealed Himself to all people through creation, conscience, and human history (Romans 1:19-20). Those who respond to this general revelation with faith and obedience are held accountable accordingly.

        b. Special Revelation: In addition to general revelation, God has also provided special revelation through His Word, the Bible, and through the person of Jesus Christ (Hebrews 1:1-2). Those who have access to this special revelation are responsible for living in accordance with its teachings.

        c. Responsibility and Privilege: With greater revelation comes greater responsibility (Luke 12:48). Those who have been exposed to the truths of God’s Word and the gospel message are accountable for their response to that revelation.

        Biblical Examples of Judgment Criteria

          a. Parable of the Talents: In the Parable of the Talents, Jesus teaches about the accountability of individuals based on the resources and opportunities they have been given (Matthew 25:14-30). Those who faithfully steward what they have been entrusted with are commended, while those who neglect or misuse their resources are condemned.

          b. The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus: In the story of the rich man and Lazarus, Jesus contrasts the destinies of a wealthy man who ignored the needs of the poor and a beggar named Lazarus who suffered in poverty (Luke 16:19-31). The rich man’s judgment is based on his failure to show mercy and compassion.

          c. Sheep and Goats Judgment: In the Sheep and Goats Judgment, Jesus describes the final separation of the righteous from the wicked based on their treatment of the hungry, thirsty, strangers, naked, sick, and imprisoned (Matthew 25:31-46). Those who cared for the least of these are rewarded, while those who neglected them are condemned.


          In conclusion, the Bible teaches that God will judge people at the last day according to His standards of righteousness, justice, and mercy. His judgment will take into account the light individuals have received, whether through general revelation in creation and conscience or through special revelation in His Word and the gospel of Jesus Christ. The Ten Commandments serve as a moral standard by which human conduct is evaluated, reflecting God’s eternal principles of right and wrong.

          Ultimately, God’s judgment will be fair, impartial, and based on individual accountability. Those who respond to the light they have received with faith, obedience, and repentance will find mercy and forgiveness, while those who reject God’s revelation and persist in rebellion will face condemnation. As believers, we are called to live in readiness for the day of judgment, faithfully stewarding the resources and opportunities entrusted to us, and proclaiming the gospel message of salvation to all.

          In His service,
          BibleAsk Team

          Categories God

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