Who was Thomas in the New Testament?


By BibleAsk Team


This disciple, often referred to as “Doubting Thomas,” holds a distinctive place among the disciples of Jesus Christ in the New Testament. His journey is marked by skepticism, profound moments of revelation, and a steadfast commitment to his Lord. In this exploration, we delve into the life of the disciple as documented in the Bible, unraveling the layers of his character and the transformative encounters that shaped his faith.

The Disciple in the Shadows

Thomas is first introduced in the Gospel of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, where he is listed among the twelve disciples, but it is in the Gospel of John that his character gains prominence. In John 11:16, the disciple is portrayed as a loyal but skeptical one. When Jesus decides to return to Judea, despite the danger posed by the religious authorities, he responds with courage, saying, “Let us also go, that we may die with Him” (John 11:16, NKJV). This early glimpse into his personality foreshadows the complex journey he is about to undertake.

The Resurrection of Lazarus

One pivotal moment that significantly shapes Thomas’s understanding of Jesus’s divinity is the resurrection of Lazarus. In John 11, we witness this disciple grappling with grief alongside his fellow disciples. Jesus, having delayed His arrival, finally reaches Bethany where Lazarus has been dead for four days. Witnessing the miraculous resurrection, Thomas witnesses the profound power of Jesus over death. This event becomes a prelude to his future struggles with doubt and belief.

A Skeptic’s Challenge

The most infamous episode involving this disciple occurs after Jesus’s resurrection. In John 20:24-29, he earns his enduring moniker, “Doubting Thomas.” When the other disciples excitedly share the news of Christ’s appearance, this disciple expresses doubt, stating, “Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe” (John 20:25, NKJV). His skepticism stands as a stark contrast to the fervent faith of his peers.

The Encounter with the Risen Christ

The narrative takes a profound turn in John 20:26-29, where Jesus appears to the disciples, including Thomas, who is present this time. Jesus invites the skeptic disciple to touch His wounds, and in that moment, doubt transforms into unwavering faith. Thomas, overwhelmed by the reality of Christ’s resurrection, exclaims, “My Lord and my God!” (John 20:28, NKJV). This climactic encounter demonstrates Christ’s compassion and understanding of human doubt, turning the disciple’s skepticism into a powerful proclamation of faith.

The Confession and Beyond

Thomas’s confession, “My Lord and my God,” becomes a theological cornerstone, affirming the divinity of Jesus Christ. It echoes throughout Christian history, encapsulating the core belief in the deity of the risen Savior. This transformative moment for Thomas serves as a testament to the redemptive power of Christ’s resurrection and His ability to overcome doubt.

Mission and Legacy

Following the resurrection, Thomas plays a role in the Great Commission. In Matthew 28:19-20, Jesus instructs His disciples to go and make disciples of all nations. Thomas, along with the others, becomes a crucial figure in spreading the Gospel message. Tradition holds that Thomas carried the message of Christ as far as India, leaving an indelible mark on the early Christian mission.


Thomas’s journey from doubt to faith offers profound lessons for believers today. His honesty in expressing doubts, coupled with his willingness to seek evidence, demonstrates the importance of engaging with our faith intellectually. Furthermore, Thomas’s ultimate affirmation of Christ’s divinity serves as a powerful reminder that doubt, when confronted, can lead to a deeper and more resilient faith.


Thomas’s story in the Bible is one of transformation, from a disciple struggling with doubt to a bold proclaimer of the risen Lord. His journey is a testament to the mercy and understanding of Jesus, who meets doubt with evidence and skepticism with compassion. As we reflect on Thomas’s life, we are reminded that faith is not the absence of doubt but the triumph over it, a journey that leads us to declare with conviction, “My Lord and my God.”

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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