Who was Judas Iscariot?

Judas Iscariot

Judas Iscariot is a central figure in the New Testament of the Bible, known for his role in the betrayal of Jesus Christ. His actions are pivotal in the narrative of Jesus’ crucifixion, and he has become a symbol of treachery throughout Christian history. This exploration will delve into the biblical accounts of Judas Iscariot, examining his background, motives, and the consequences of his betrayal.

Identity and Background

Judas Iscariot is introduced in the New Testament as one of the twelve disciples chosen by Jesus. He was the son of Simon (John 6:71). The surname “Iscariot” is believed to be derived from the Hebrew word “Ish-Kerioth,” indicating that Judas hailed from the town of Kerioth. Despite being chosen by Jesus, Judas’ background remains relatively obscure in the biblical narrative. “Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him” (Matthew 10:4).

The Betrayal

The most infamous aspect of Judas’ legacy is his betrayal of Jesus. According to the Gospels, Judas agreed to betray Jesus to the religious authorities for thirty pieces of silver. This act sets in motion the events leading to Jesus’ arrest, trial, and crucifixion. “Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, ‘What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?’ And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver” (Matthew 26:14-16).

Understanding Judas’ motives for betraying Jesus has been a subject of theological debate. Some suggest financial greed, while others propose political or personal disillusionment. The Gospel of John implies that Judas’ heart was influenced by Satan. “And supper being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray Him” (John 13:2).

The Last Supper

The pivotal moment of betrayal occurs during the Last Supper, where Jesus identifies Judas as the one who will betray Him. This moment highlights the somber anticipation of the impending betrayal. “He answered and said, ‘He who dipped his hand with Me in the dish will betray Me. The Son of Man indeed goes just as it is written of Him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born'” (Matthew 26:23-25).

Judas carries out the betrayal with a kiss, identifying Jesus to the arresting soldiers. This act solidifies Judas’ role in the unfolding tragedy. “Now His betrayer had given them a sign, saying, ‘Whomever I kiss, He is the One; seize Him.’ Immediately he went up to Jesus and said, ‘Greetings, Rabbi!’ and kissed Him” (Matthew 26:48-50).

Remorse and Consequences

After realizing the gravity of his actions, Judas experiences deep remorse. He attempts to return the thirty pieces of silver but is rejected by the religious authorities. Overwhelmed with guilt, Judas eventually takes his own life. “Then Judas, His betrayer, seeing that He had been condemned, was remorseful and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, saying, ‘I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.’ And they said, ‘What is that to us? You see to it!'” (Matthew 27:3-5).

Theological Significance

Judas’ betrayal plays a crucial role in Christian theology, emphasizing themes of free will, divine foreknowledge, and the redemptive nature of Christ’s sacrifice. The concept of Judas as both a pawn of Satan and a willing participant raises warning to those that submit their will to sin and commit the unpardonable sin. “Men and brethren, this Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus” (Acts 1:16-17).


The character of Judas Iscariot remains a complex and enigmatic figure in biblical literature. His actions, motivations, and ultimate fate contribute to the intricate tapestry of the Christian narrative. The story of Judas serves as a cautionary tale, prompting reflection on the consequences of betrayal and sin.

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In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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