Who was Phoebe in the New Testament?


By BibleAsk Team


Phoebe is a significant figure mentioned in the New Testament, particularly in the Book of Romans. Her brief but noteworthy appearance provides valuable insights into the early Christian community and the role of women in the spreading of the gospel.

The first mention of Phoebe occurs in Romans 16:1-2, where the apostle Paul introduces her to the Roman church: “I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also.”

Her Role in the Church

  1. Servant of the Church (Romans 16:1). She is described as a “servant of the church in Cenchrea.” The term “servant” here is translated from the Greek word “diakonos,” which can also mean “deacon” or “minister.” This suggests that she held a significant and active role within the Christian community.
  2. Cenchrea, a Hub of Christian Activity. Cenchrea was a port town near Corinth, and Phoebe’s association with this location indicates that she was part of a vibrant Christian community. The mention of her role as a servant in Cenchrea underscores the diversity and widespread influence of early Christian congregations.

Paul not only introduces her but also commends her to the Roman church. He urges the believers in Rome to receive her in a manner worthy of the saints and to assist her in any business she may have. This commendation signifies the trust and respect Paul had for Phoebe and her contributions to the Christian community.

Paul emphasizes that Phoebe has been a “helper of many and of myself also.” The term “helper” implies active assistance and support. Phoebe’s role extended beyond serving the church in Cenchrea; she was involved in aiding and supporting fellow believers, including the apostle Paul.

While the specific nature of Phoebe’s service is not explicitly detailed, the terms used to describe her, such as “servant” and “helper,” suggest a level of responsibility and leadership. In the context of the early Christian church, women like Phoebe played crucial roles in various capacities, contributing to the growth and stability of local congregations.


In the limited verses that mention Phoebe, a rich narrative unfolds about a woman dedicated to serving the early Christian community. Her commendation by Paul and the acknowledgment of her assistance to many highlight the collaborative and communal nature of the early church. She stands as an exemplary figure, illustrating the diversity of roles women played in the development and expansion of the Christian faith. Her legacy encourages believers to recognize and appreciate the often overlooked contributions of women in the history of Christianity.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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