Who was Naboth the Jezreelite in the Old Testament?

Author: BibleAsk Team

Naboth the Jezreelite

Naboth the Jezreelite is a figure prominently featured in the Bible, specifically in the Old Testament. His story is recounted in the First Book of Kings, providing a powerful narrative that revolves around themes of greed, deception, and divine retribution. The account of his tragic fate serves as a cautionary tale, illustrating the consequences of corruption and the importance of righteousness in the eyes of God.


Naboth hailed from Jezreel, a city in the northern region of Israel. He is introduced in 1 Kings 21:1-3, which sets the stage for the unfolding drama. The Bible describes him as a vineyard owner, and his vineyard is situated near the palace of King Ahab, the reigning monarch of the northern kingdom of Israel.

Ahab’s Coveting of Naboth’s Vineyard

The narrative takes a dark turn when King Ahab, desiring this man’s vineyard for himself, approaches him with an offer to exchange it for a more desirable piece of land or compensation. However, the man, guided by the principles of inheritance and attachment to ancestral property, refuses the king’s proposal. This decision sets the stage for a series of events that will lead to the man’s tragic demise.

Jezebel’s Devious Scheme

Frustrated by Naboth’s refusal, King Ahab becomes despondent. His wife, the infamous Queen Jezebel, known for her idolatrous practices and cunning ways, devises a malicious plan to fulfill Ahab’s desire for the man’s vineyard. Jezebel orchestrates a false accusation against the man, accusing him of blasphemy against God and the king.

False Witnesses and Unjust Condemnation

Jezebel’s scheme involves manipulating the legal system, employing false witnesses to testify against Naboth. Their fabricated charges lead to the man’s unjust condemnation, and he is sentenced to death. The corrupt manipulation of justice is a recurring theme in biblical narratives, underscoring the dire consequences of deviating from righteousness.

Divine Intervention and Elijah’s Confrontation

God does not remain silent in the face of such injustice. The prophet Elijah, a fearless advocate for God’s righteousness, confronts Ahab with a divine message condemning his actions. In 1 Kings 21:17-19, Elijah delivers God’s judgment, foretelling the tragic fate that awaits Ahab and his household as a consequence of their sins.

The Blood of Naboth Avenged

The divine pronouncement does not spare Ahab, as he meets his end in a manner befitting the severity of his transgressions. The dogs lick up his blood in the same place where Naboth was unjustly condemned (1 Kings 21:23), symbolizing the fulfillment of divine justice and the avenging of his innocent blood.

Lessons from the Story

The story of Naboth the Jezreelite holds several profound lessons for readers and believers. It underscores the importance of upholding justice, resisting corruption, and remaining steadfast in one’s commitment to righteousness. Naboth’s unwavering loyalty to his ancestral inheritance serves as a testament to the enduring value of principles over worldly gain.

Biblical References

  1. Naboth’s Refusal: 1 Kings 21:3 (NKJV) – “But Naboth said to Ahab, ‘The Lord forbid that I should give the inheritance of my fathers to you!'”
  2. Jezebel’s Scheme: 1 Kings 21:7 (NKJV) – “Then Jezebel his wife said to him, ‘You now exercise authority over Israel! Arise, eat food, and let your heart be cheerful; I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.'”
  3. Divine Pronouncement through Elijah: 1 Kings 21:19 (NKJV) – “You shall speak to him, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord: ‘Have you murdered and also taken possession?’ And you shall speak to him, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord: ‘In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth, dogs shall lick your blood, even yours.'”


The story of Naboth the Jezreelite serves as a poignant reminder of the consequences of injustice and the unwavering nature of divine justice. It encourages readers to emulate Naboth’s commitment to righteousness and, at the same time, warns against the pitfalls of corruption and deceit. In the broader biblical narrative, his tale contributes to the overarching theme of God’s sovereignty and the ultimate triumph of righteousness over evil.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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