Who was Herodias in the New Testament?


By BibleAsk Team


Herodias is an enigmatic figure prominently featured in the New Testament, particularly in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. Her story unfolds within the complex political and familial dynamics of Herod’s court, revealing a character whose choices had profound implications. Let’s explore the biblical narrative surrounding her background, actions, and the consequences of her decisions.


Marriage to Herod Antipas

Herodias was the wife of Herod Antipas, a tetrarch ruling over Galilee and Perea during the time of Jesus. Her union to Herod Antipas was marked by controversy, as it involved the dissolution of previous marriages. Notably, Herod Antipas had divorced his first wife, the daughter of Aretas IV, the king of the Nabateans, to marry Herodias the wife of his brother Philip (Matthew 14:3).

Salome’s Dance

The New Testament accounts highlight a pivotal event that would contribute to Herodias’ notoriety. Her daughter, often identified as Salome, danced before Herod and his guests during a banquet (Matthew 14:6-11; Mark 6:21-28). Herod, captivated by the performance, rashly promised to grant her any request. Prompted by her mother, Salome requested the head of John the Baptist, a prophet who had openly condemned Herodias’ marriage to Herod Antipas as unlawful.

The Prophet John the Baptist

Condemnation of Herodias’ Marriage

John the Baptist played a crucial role in the events involving this woman. He publicly denounced the union between her and Herod Antipas, citing its illegitimacy and going against Jewish law (Matthew 14:3-4; Mark 6:17-18). Being offended by John’s criticism, this woman harbored resentment that would eventually lead to a vengeful plot.

Machinations and Revenge

Herodias seized the opportunity presented by her daughter’s dance to orchestrate the demise of John the Baptist. Her manipulation of Herod and her role in the prophet’s beheading showcased a ruthless determination to silence opposition and protect her status within the court.


A Tarnished Legacy

This woman’s legacy is one of infamy, marked by her involvement in the death of a revered prophet. Her actions reflected not only a disdain for moral and religious principles but also a willingness to exploit political power for personal gain. The consequences of her choices extended beyond her own life, influencing the perception of her family and contributing to the broader narrative of Herod’s rule.

Impact on Herod Antipas

Herod Antipas, influenced by his evil wife, found himself entangled in the consequences of her decisions. The beheading of John the Baptist had both immediate and lasting effects on Herod’s reign, contributing to his internal struggles and external challenges.

Lessons from this Story

Moral and Ethical Considerations

The narrative of this woman encourages readers to reflect on moral and ethical considerations. Herodias’ actions, driven by personal ambition and a desire for revenge, serve as a cautionary tale about the consequences of prioritizing self-interest over moral principles.

Influence of Power and Ambition

Herodias’ character underscores the corrupting influence of power and ambition. Her willingness to manipulate events to secure her position highlights the dangers of unchecked ambition and the potential for individuals to compromise their values in the pursuit of personal gain.

Role of Women in Biblical Narratives

Herodias’ story contributes to the broader exploration of the roles and influence of women in biblical narratives. While some women in the Bible are portrayed as virtuous and righteous, others, like Herodias, exemplify the complexities and moral challenges faced by female characters.


In the tapestry of New Testament narratives, Herodias stands as a figure whose evil choices reverberated through history. Her story serves as a cautionary tale about the consequences of prioritizing personal ambition over moral and godly principles .

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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