Who was Herod Agrippa I in the Bible?


By BibleAsk Team

Herod Agrippa I

Herod Agrippa I, a prominent figure in the New Testament, played a significant role in the unfolding narrative of early Christianity. Born Marcus Julius Agrippa, he was a member of the Herodian dynasty, a ruling family with complex ties to both Roman authorities and Jewish heritage. This comprehensive exploration delves into the life, actions, and biblical references related to Herod Agrippa I, shedding light on the intricate historical and religious context of his time.

Lineage, Early Life and Ascension to Power

Herod Agrippa I was born in 10 BC to Aristobulus IV and Berenice, making him the grandson of Herod the Great. His royal lineage intertwined Roman and Jewish influences, reflecting the complex political landscape of the region during the first century.

Growing up in Rome, Agrippa forged close ties with the imperial family, particularly with the future Roman emperors Caligula and Claudius. These connections would later prove pivotal in shaping his destiny and influence in the Eastern provinces.

Agrippa’s rise to power began in AD 37 when Caligula appointed him as the ruler of the territories previously governed by his uncle Philip. Later, under Claudius, his dominion expanded to include Judea and Samaria, marking the pinnacle of his political career.

Persecution to the Church and Divine Intervention – Acts 12:1-23

One of the most notable biblical accounts featuring Herod Agrippa I is found in Acts 12. This passage recounts Herod’s persecution of the early Christians and the imprisonment of the apostle Peter. It is crucial to understand the historical and political backdrop of this event, emphasizing Herod’s attempt to curry favor with the Jewish populace by suppressing the Christian movement.

Acts 12:1-3 (NKJV): “Now about that time Herod the king stretched out his hand to harass some from the church. Then he killed James the brother of John with the sword. And because he saw that it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to seize Peter also.”

The narrative in Acts 12 unfolds with Peter’s miraculous escape from prison, orchestrated by divine intervention. This event, marked by an angelic visitation, showcases the power of prayer within the Christian community and underscores the contrast between divine authority and Herod’s earthly rule.

God’s Punishment – Acts 12:20–23

Herod Agrippa I brought God’s judgement upon himself for Luke records in chapter 12 of Acts that:

“[Agrippa] had been quarreling with the people of Tyre and Sidon; they now joined together and sought an audience with him. After securing the support of Blastus, a trusted personal servant of the king, they asked for peace, because they depended on the king’s country for their food supply. On the appointed day Herod, wearing his royal robes, sat on his throne and delivered a public address to the people. They shouted, ‘This is the voice of a god, not of a man.’ Immediately, because Herod did not give praise to God, an angel of the Lord struck him down, and he was eaten by worms and died” (Acts 12:20–23).

King Agrippa failed to give to God the glory that was due to Him only. Therefore, God punished him. Josephus account confirms that Agrippa accepted flattery and didn’t rebuke it. For this reason, he was stricken immediately by the disease and was carried to his palace. Josephus adds that Agrippa acknowledged that the stroke was divine as a punishment for accepting such blasphemous flattery. Being eaten by worms was always regarded by the ancients as a divine judgement (1 Samuel 25:38; 2 Kings 19:35; Acts 23:3).

Acts 12:21-23 (NKJV): “So on a set day Herod, arrayed in royal apparel, sat on his throne and gave an oration to them. And the people kept shouting, ‘The voice of a god and not of a man!’ Then immediately an angel of the Lord struck him because he did not give glory to God, and he was eaten by worms and died.” This dramatic demise highlights the biblical theme of divine judgment upon those who arrogantly exalt themselves above God.

Legacy and Historical Impact

Herod Agrippa I’s reign left an indelible mark on the early Christian community and the broader historical landscape. His attempt to suppress the burgeoning Christian movement ultimately failed, and the episode in Acts 12 serves as a testament to the resilience of the early followers of Jesus Christ.


Herod Agrippa I emerges as an evil power in biblical history. His lineage, political maneuverings, and interactions with the early Christian community provide an understanding to the religious and political dynamics of the first century. The biblical references in Acts 12, in particular, offer valuable insights into the challenges faced by the early Christians and the divine intervention that shaped the course of history.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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