Where is the Ark of the Covenant today?


By BibleAsk Team

The whereabouts of the Ark of the Covenant today is one of the most intriguing mysteries in both biblical and historical studies. The Ark, a most sacred container described in the Bible as housing the tablets of the Ten Commandments, held immense significance for the ancient Israelites and played a central role in their religious practices. However, its ultimate fate remains unknown. To delve into this topic, we will explore the biblical references to the Ark, examine historical accounts and theories regarding its fate, and consider the significance of the Ark within the context of biblical history and religious belief.

The Ark of the Covenant in the Bible:

The Ark of the Covenant is prominently featured in the Old Testament, particularly in the books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Joshua. Here are some key biblical references to the Ark:

  1. Exodus 25:10-22 (NKJV):
    • This passage describes the instructions given to Moses for the construction of the Ark, including its materials (acacia wood overlaid with gold), dimensions, and design features such as the mercy seat and cherubim.
  2. Exodus 40:20-21 (NKJV):
    • After its construction, the Ark was placed in the Most Holy Place of the Tabernacle, serving as the symbolic throne of God’s presence among the Israelites.
  3. Numbers 10:33-36 (NKJV):
    • The Ark accompanied the Israelites during their journey through the wilderness, leading them and serving as a visible sign of God’s guidance and protection.
  4. Joshua 3:13-17 (NKJV):
    • The Ark played a pivotal role in the crossing of the Jordan River, with the waters parting to allow the Israelites to pass into the Promised Land.

Historical Accounts and Theories:

Despite its prominent role in biblical narratives, the fate of the Ark of the Covenant remains uncertain, with no definitive historical records or archaeological evidence to confirm its whereabouts. Several theories and legends have emerged regarding the fate of the Ark:

  1. Hidden or Concealed:
    • Another theory is that the Ark was hidden or concealed by the Israelites to protect it from capture or desecration.
    • It is believed that the temple priests wanted to hide this priceless sacred article to protect it from desecration by the pagan invaders. The last time it was mentioned is in 2 Chronicles 35:3, during the reign of King Josiah.
    • According to legend, this sacred box was hidden in various locations, including beneath the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, in underground chambers, or in remote wilderness areas.
    • Since the time Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem, the Bible does not mention where this box went. The Scriptures itemize all vessels that were captured by the Babylonians, but this box itself is not mentioned among them. And the scriptures don’t report about it after the return from Babylon. The Apocrypha states that it could not be found when the Jewish people rebuilt the Temple at the time of Ezra and Zechariah.
    • Other theories suggest that the Ark was hidden in a cave beneath the Temple Mount in the very heart of Israel. Leen Ritmeyer, the most recognized archaeological architect in Biblical archaeology, proposed, in the January/February 1996 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, a historical and archaeological evidence that suggested that the exact spot where the Ark of the Covenant rested is in the Temple in ancient Jerusalem.
  2. Taken to Ethiopia:
    • A recently published book by Randall Price, entitled In Search of Temple Treasures, presents the various views on what might have happened to the Ark. Some of the theories place it outside of Israel, such as at Mt. Nebo, Egypt and even far-off Ethiopia.
    • This theory is based on Ethiopian tradition and mythology
  3. Divine Intervention:
    • Some religious believers maintain that the fate of the Ark remains hidden or unknown due to divine intervention, with God preserving its sanctity and significance for a future purpose.

Significance and Symbolism:

The Ark of the Covenant holds immense significance within Jewish and Christian theology, symbolizing the presence, holiness, and covenantal relationship between God and His people:

  1. Symbol of God’s Presence:
    • The Ark served as the focal point of Israel’s worship and religious rituals, representing God’s dwelling among His people and His faithfulness to His covenant promises. The significance of the Ark lies in that it is where the supernatural presence of God dwelt and in turn symbolizes God’s throne in heaven (Hebrews 8:1, 2, 5).
  2. Symbol of Covenantal Relationship:
    • The tablets of the Ten Commandments contained within the Ark symbolized the covenant agreement between God and the Israelites, outlining their obligations and responsibilities as His chosen people in both the Old and New Testaments. “And He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments” (Exodus 34:28, NKJV).
    • The Ten Commandments, the only document ever written by the finger of God (Exodus 31:18), is found inside this sacred box (Deuteronomy 10:4, 5). But the mercy seat which was above them signified that as long as God’s people confessed and forsook their sins (Proverbs 28:13), God’s mercy would be extended to them through the blood which was sprinkled on the mercy seat by the priest (Leviticus 16:15, 16). The blood of the animal represents Jesus’ blood that was shed for us to bring us forgiveness of sin (Matthew 26:28; Hebrews 9:22).


The fate of the Ark of the Covenant remains one of the enduring mysteries of biblical and historical studies, sparking fascination, speculation, and curiosity among believers and scholars alike. While the biblical accounts provide detailed descriptions of its construction, significance, and role in Israelite worship, they offer no definitive information regarding its ultimate fate.

Numerous theories and legends have emerged over the centuries, ranging from claims of its hidden or concealed location. However, no historical records, archaeological discoveries, or conclusive evidence have definitively resolved the mystery of its whereabouts.

Despite its elusive nature, the Ark of the Covenant continues to hold immense significance within Jewish and Christian theology, symbolizing the presence, holiness, and covenantal relationship between God and His people. Whether lost to history or preserved by divine intervention, it remains a powerful symbol of faith, hope, and divine promise for believers around the world.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

Categories Law

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