What are the festivals of lights?


By BibleAsk Team

The Festivals of Lights

There are two different festivals of lights. Diwali and Hanukkah, are celebrated by different cultures and religions but share common themes of light, hope, and triumph over darkness. These festivals hold profound significance for their respective communities, fostering unity, joy, and spiritual renewal. In this exploration, we’ll delve into the origins, traditions, and spiritual significance of Diwali and Hanukkah, highlighting their cultural richness and universal messages.


Origins and History:

  1. Ancient Roots: Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is a Hindu festival with ancient roots dating back thousands of years. It originated as a harvest festival celebrating the abundance of nature and the victory of light over darkness.
  2. Religious Significance: Diwali is associated with various Hindu myths and legends, including the return of Lord Rama to his kingdom of Ayodhya after 14 years of exile and the defeat of the demon king Ravana. The lighting of lamps symbolizes the triumph of good over evil and the dispelling of ignorance by divine knowledge.

Traditions and Customs:

  1. Lighting of Lamps: The central ritual of Diwali involves lighting oil lamps (diyas) and candles to illuminate homes, streets, and public spaces. This symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and the awakening of inner light and consciousness.
  2. Fireworks and Decorations: Diwali is marked by colorful fireworks displays, vibrant decorations, and intricate rangoli (artistic patterns made with colored powders or rice flour) adorning doorsteps and courtyards.
  3. Feasting and Gift Giving: Families come together to share festive meals and exchange gifts and sweets, symbolizing goodwill and prosperity. Diwali is also a time for charity and acts of kindness toward those in need.

Spiritual Significance:

  1. Inner Light: Diwali encourages individuals to reflect on their inner light and spiritual growth, seeking to overcome ignorance and cultivate virtues such as compassion, gratitude, and forgiveness.
  2. Renewal and Cleansing: The festival marks a time of renewal and cleansing, both externally and internally. People clean and decorate their homes, symbolizing the purification of the mind and heart.


Origins and History:

  1. Historical Context: Hanukkah, also known as the Festival of Dedication or Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem during the Maccabean Revolt in the 2nd century BCE.
  2. Maccabean Revolt: The festival celebrates the victory of the Maccabees, a group of Jewish rebels led by Judah Maccabee, over the Seleucid Empire and the subsequent rededication of the Temple, which had been defiled by the Greeks.

Traditions and Customs:

  1. Lighting the Menorah: The central ritual of Hanukkah involves lighting the menorah, a nine-branched candelabrum, over eight nights. Each night, one additional candle is lit, along with the shamash (helper candle), symbolizing the miracle of the oil lasting eight days.
  2. Playing Dreidel: The dreidel, a spinning top with Hebrew letters representing the phrase “A great miracle happened there,” is a traditional Hanukkah game played with chocolate coins or nuts.
  3. Foods: Traditional Hanukkah foods include latkes (potato pancakes) and sufganiyot (jelly-filled doughnuts), fried in oil to commemorate the miracle of the oil.

Spiritual Significance:

  1. Rededication and Freedom: Hanukkah celebrates the rededication of the Temple and the preservation of Jewish religious practices and freedom. It serves as a reminder of God’s faithfulness and the importance of standing firm in one’s faith.
  2. Light and Hope: Hanukkah symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness and the enduring hope of God’s promises. The lighting of the menorah reminds Jews of their role as a light to the nations and the responsibility to spread God’s light and truth in the world.

Jesus – The Light of the Word

For observers of Diwali and Hanukkah, the symbolism of light holds profound significance, representing spiritual illumination, hope, and the triumph of good over evil. In both festivals, the theme of light resonates deeply with the Christian understanding of Jesus Christ as the Light of the World, the Savior, and Redeemer. Let’s explore how the figure of Jesus embodies these roles for those celebrating Diwali and Hanukkah.

  1. Symbol of Illumination: In the Gospel of John, Jesus declares, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life” (John 8:12, NIV). This proclamation identifies Jesus as the source of spiritual illumination, guiding humanity out of darkness and into the light of God’s truth and love.
  2. Bringer of Hope: Jesus’ ministry on earth was characterized by acts of compassion, healing, and reconciliation, bringing hope to the marginalized, oppressed, and brokenhearted. His teachings emphasized the promise of eternal life and the restoration of fellowship with God, offering hope to all who believe in him.
  3. Victor Over Darkness: Through his death and resurrection, Jesus achieved victory over sin, death, and the powers of darkness. The Apostle Paul describes Jesus as the one “who has destroyed death and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel” (2 Timothy 1:10, NIV). His triumph over the forces of evil ensures salvation and redemption for all who place their faith in him.

The Savior and Redeemer:

  1. Forgiver of Sins: In Christianity, Jesus is regarded as the Savior who offers forgiveness of sins and reconciliation with God. His sacrificial death on the cross atones for humanity’s sins, providing a way for sinful humanity to be reconciled to a holy God. As the Apostle John writes, “the blood of Jesus, his Son, purifies us from all sin” (1 John 1:7).
  2. Restorer of Relationship: Through Jesus Christ, believers are restored to right relationship with God, becoming children of God and heirs of eternal life. His resurrection from the dead demonstrates his power over sin and death, offering the promise of new life and transformation to all who trust in him.
  3. Bearer of Grace and Mercy: Jesus embodies God’s grace and mercy, extending salvation to all who repent and turn to him in faith. His invitation to “come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest” (Matthew 11:28) assures believers of God’s unconditional love and acceptance.

Relevance for Diwali and Hanukkah Observers:

  1. Universal Message of Hope: The figure of Jesus as the Light of the World resonates with the universal human longing for hope, redemption, and spiritual enlightenment. Regardless of religious background, observers of Diwali and Hanukkah can find inspiration and comfort in the message of Jesus as the embodiment of divine light and salvation.
  2. Common Themes of Redemption: Diwali and Hanukkah both celebrate stories of liberation, redemption, and the triumph of light over darkness. For Christians, Jesus’ role as Savior and Redeemer aligns with these themes, offering a deeper spiritual understanding of the universal human quest for deliverance from sin and suffering.

In summary, for observers of Diwali and Hanukkah, Jesus Christ embodies the roles of the Light of the World, the Savior, and Redeemer. His message of hope, salvation, and spiritual illumination resonates with the universal human longing for deliverance from darkness and the restoration of fellowship with God. As people of faith celebrate these festivals, may they be inspired by the figure of Jesus as the ultimate source of light, hope, and redemption in the world.

Check out our Bible Answers page for more information on a variety of topics.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

We'd love your feedback, so leave a comment!

If you feel an answer is not 100% Bible based, then leave a comment, and we'll be sure to review it.
Our aim is to share the Word and be true to it.