The Holy Spirit in the Bible
Among the three persons of the Godhead, the Holy Spirit’s nature is the least revealed in the Scriptures. The Lord reveals only that which we need to know and could understand. Seeing that there is not much information about the Holy Spirit available, we will not speculate on what the relation between Christ and the Holy Spirit is. But we will rather stick to what the scriptures tell us.
Christ and the Holy Spirit
Jesus said of the Holy Spirit: “Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you” (John 16:7). In His incarnate body, Jesus could not be present everywhere. But through the Spirit, Jesus could be with each one of His followers at all times and in all places (Matthew 28:20). It was at the day of Pentecost when the gift of the Holy Spirit was bestowed upon Christ’s followers. The Spirit enabled the disciples with power that they previously did not have. This was seen in Peter’s address where those who heard were “pricked in their heart” (Acts 2:37).
Right now Jesus is ministering in the Heavenly Sanctuary on our behalf. “Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; a minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man” (Hebrews 8:1,2).
As Christ does His divine work, the Holy Spirit is ministering in the hearts of men. Thus, the Spirit convicts men of their sin, points them to the salvation and righteousness that is in Jesus. And He warns them of the consequences of continuing in their sins and of neglecting the salvation freely proffered.
The functions of the Holy Spirit
The Spirit is plainly portrayed in the Bible as a being One who speaks (Acts 8:29), guides (John 16:13 NKJV), witnesses (Hebrews 10:15), comforts (John 14:16), helps (John 16:7, 8), and can be grieved (Ephesians 4:30). In fact, the scriptures were written by inspiration from the Holy Spirit. “Knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.”
The work of the Holy Spirit in relation to the work of Jesus
Paul revealed the relationship of the Holy Spirit to that of the Father and the Son, “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all” (2 Corinthians 13:14).
Finally, the Father, Son, and Spirit always point away from themselves and towards the other two. The Father to glorifies the Son, the Son lives to glorify the Father, and the Spirit lives to glorify the Father and Son (John 17:1, 5; John 16:14; John 13:31, 32).
Check out our Bible Answers page for more information on a variety of topics.
In His service,