Does the Bible teach about human rights?


By BibleAsk Team

Human Rights in the Bible

The concept of human rights, as understood in contemporary discourse, encompasses the inherent dignity, equality, and entitlements of all individuals, regardless of their identity, status, or circumstances. While the term “human rights” may not appear explicitly in the Bible, the principles underlying human rights find resonance in biblical teachings concerning justice, compassion, and the value of every human life.

Human Dignity and Equality

  1. Genesis 1:27 (NKJV): “So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” This foundational verse in the creation narrative affirms the inherent dignity and worth of every human being as creatures made in the image of God. Regardless of race, gender, or social status, all individuals possess intrinsic value and significance.
  2. Galatians 3:28 (NKJV): “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.” The Apostle Paul’s words underscore the equality of all believers in Christ, transcending social and cultural distinctions. In the Christian community, there is no room for discrimination or prejudice based on ethnicity, social status, or gender.

Justice and Fair Treatment

  1. Exodus 23:6 (NKJV): “You shall not pervert the judgment of your poor in his dispute.” The Mosaic law emphasizes the importance of impartiality and fairness in administering justice. This verse admonishes against showing favoritism or discrimination against the poor or vulnerable members of society, highlighting the principle of equal treatment before the law.
  2. Micah 6:8 (NKJV): “He has shown you, O man, what is good; and what does the Lord require of you but to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God?” The prophet Micah succinctly summarizes the ethical requirements of God’s people: to act justly, show mercy, and walk humbly with God. Justice and mercy are integral components of righteous living in accordance with God’s will.

Compassion and Care for the Vulnerable

  1. Matthew 25:35-36 (NKJV): “For I was hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in; I was naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me.” Jesus’ parable of the sheep and the goats emphasizes the importance of compassion and care for those in need. The actions described in this passage reflect the principles of human dignity and solidarity with the marginalized.
  2. James 1:27 (NKJV): “Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their trouble, and to keep oneself unspotted from the world.” The Epistle of James highlights the significance of practical acts of compassion and social responsibility in authentic religious practice. Caring for orphans and widows, who were among the most vulnerable members of society, exemplifies the biblical mandate to uphold human rights and dignity.

Freedom and Liberty

  1. Galatians 5:1 (NKJV): “Stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not be entangled again with a yoke of bondage.” The Apostle Paul exhorts believers to embrace the freedom and liberty that come through faith in Christ. This freedom extends not only to spiritual liberation from sin but also to the recognition of individual autonomy and rights.
  2. Isaiah 61:1 (NKJV): “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon Me, because the Lord has anointed Me to preach good tidings to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound.” This prophetic passage anticipates the ministry of Jesus Christ, who proclaims liberty to those held captive and oppressed. The message of liberation encompasses physical, spiritual, and social dimensions, affirming the intrinsic value and rights of all people.

Accountability and Responsibility

  1. Proverbs 31:8-9 (NKJV): “Open your mouth for the speechless, in the cause of all who are appointed to die. Open your mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.” The wisdom literature of Proverbs exhorts individuals to advocate for the rights and interests of the vulnerable and marginalized. This passage emphasizes the responsibility to speak out against injustice and oppression.
  2. Ezekiel 18:5-9 (NKJV): “But if a man is just and does what is lawful and right… keeps his hand from iniquity… executes true judgment between man and man… he is just; he shall surely live!” The prophet Ezekiel emphasizes the importance of righteousness and justice in the sight of God. Those who uphold justice and righteousness are commended, while those who oppress others are held accountable for their actions.

Examples of Human Rights

God’s Moral Law (the Ten Commandments-Exodus 20) contain prohibitions against murder, theft, coveting, adultery, and bearing false testimony. These laws promote human rights and the ethical treatment of our fellow man (Exodus 20). Also, the Mosaic Law is full of examples of human rights and how God expects everyone to be treated. Here are some of these laws:

  • To treat immigrants well (Exodus 22:21; Leviticus 19:33-34)
  • To provide for the poor (Leviticus 19:10; Deuteronomy 15:7-8)
  • To grant interest-free loans to the poor (Exodus 22:25)
  • To release all indentured servants every fifty years (Leviticus 25:39-41)
  • To show no favoritism (Acts 10:34)
  • To not discriminate based on race, gender, cultural background, or class (Galatians 3:28; Colossians 3:11; James 2:1-4)
  • To be kind to all (Luke 6:35-36)


Based on what the Bible teaches, Christians through history, have pioneered to aid their fellow human beings. The majority of hospitals and orphanages in our world were founded by faithful Christians. Many of the great humanitarian reforms of history, including abolition, were started by Christian individuals pushing for justice. As they preach the Gospel around the world, Christians are active in building schools, digging wells, planting crops, clothing the poor, distributing medicine, and providing work opportunities for the underprivileged.


In conclusion, while the term “human rights” may not appear explicitly in the Bible, the principles underlying human rights find resonance in biblical teachings concerning human dignity, equality, justice, compassion, and freedom. The Bible affirms the inherent worth and value of every individual as created in the image of God and calls believers to uphold the human rights and dignity of all people, especially the vulnerable and marginalized.

As followers of Christ, we are called to embody the principles of love, compassion, and justice in our interactions with others, advocating for human rights and the well-being of all individuals. In doing so, we fulfill the biblical mandate to act justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with our God.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

We'd love your feedback, so leave a comment!

If you feel an answer is not 100% Bible based, then leave a comment, and we'll be sure to review it.
Our aim is to share the Word and be true to it.