Did Adam and Eve keep the Sabbath?

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We know God created the Sabbath after the creation of man, so did Adam and Eve keep the Sabbath?

The institution of the Sabbath at creation

God instituted the Sabbath and sanctified it right after the creation of Adam and Eve. “And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made” (Genesis 2:2,3). To sanctify, means to set aside as holy.

As God worked through six days and rested on the seventh, so Adam and Eve learned that they should work six days and rest on the seventh. This weekly Sabbath was a divine institution given to our first parents and their descendants. And its observance was required by God, the Lawgiver.

The purpose of the Sabbath

In order for every love relationship to grow, there must be time set aside to develop that bond. The Sabbath was a time set by God that man may stop his daily work and commune with Him. The Sabbath was given more as a gift than a command. It is like a married couple set special time for a date night so that they may draw closer to each other.

The breaking of the law was known since the beginning

1 John 3:4 tells us that sin is the breaking of the commandments of God. Adam and Eve knew what God required of them and what sin is. And they passed this knowledge to their descendants. When Cain murdered Abel, he knew he committed a sin against God (Genesis 4:10). Later on, we read that Abraham kept all of God’s commands and statues (Genesis 26:5). Also, Joseph knew that it was a sin to commit adultery (Genesis 39:9). And before Sinai, in Exodus 16, the Israelites knew about the Sabbath command even though they were not written on stone yet. And the Lord tested them to see if they would keep His Sabbath command holy.

The Sabbath re-given in the Ten Commandments

At Sinai, the Sabbath commandment in Exodus 20:8-11 started with the word “Remember.” Here, God was reminding them of the Sabbath they were given back at the time of Adam and Eve. Exodus 20:11 clearly links the Sabbath in the commandment with the Sabbath given at creation.

Jesus and the Sabbath

Jesus affirmed the institution of the Sabbath that was given to Adam and Eve and their offspring. He said, “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath” (Mark 2:27). This act of blessing the seventh day and declaring it holy was done for the benefit of all the human race. Some claim that the seventh-day Sabbath was given only to the Jews. But the Bible declares that it was instituted more than 2000 years before the existence of Jews. And Jesus Himself confirmed that He didn’t come to change its observance (Matthew 5:17,18).

The Sabbath through eternity

If the Sabbath was never given to Adam and Eve and was only intended for the Jews up until the cross, then why did the emperor Constantine think to change the Sabbath to Sunday in March of 321? If the Sabbath was only for the Jews and done away with at the cross why was this not shared information to the Roman church 300 years after the crucifixion? The truth is that Adam and Eve certainly kept the Sabbath and it was re-given at Sinai. It’s observance was affirmed by Christ who declared, “the son of man is Lord of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:8). And Adam and Eve and all of their descendants will keep the Sabbath throughout eternity (Isaiah 66:23).

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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