Why doesn’t the book of Esther mention God?


By BibleAsk Team

The Mention of God in the Book of Esther

Though God’s name does not appear in the entire book of Esther, His providence is manifest all through the chapters of this amazing story. All through the book of Esther, we see God working behind the scenes to save the Jewish nation. Esther’s guardian, Mordecai, said to her: “If you remain silent at this time, relief and deliverance for the Jews will arise from another place, but you and your father’s family will perish. And who knows but that you have come to your royal position for such a time as this?” (Esther 4:14).

In his question, Mordecai points to divine sovereignty without calling it such. God places people in specific situations at specific times to accomplish His desired will. The author showed that the deliverance of the Jews was a direct result of faith in God. Divine power was united with human effort. “And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose” (Romans 8:28).

The book of Esther showed that random circumstance could not just happen. For example, the incident when King Ahasuerus could not sleep, and his servant “just happened” to read the records of the time that Mordecai had saved the king’s life (Esther 6:1-3), is a clear evidence that this could not have happened by chance. The Lord does in accordance to “the purpose of Him who works all things according to the counsel of His will” (Ephesians 1:11).

And although the book doesn’t mention God by name, it mentions that Esther prayed and fasted for three days before asking the king to save the Jewish people and she also asked the Jews to do the same (Esther 4:16). We know that the Jewish prayer and fasting is certainly a religious act associated with the God of the Jews.

It is also possible that the name of God was not mentioned in the book because the author of the book could have been Mordecai according to Jewish tradition. The author wrote the book in Persia while serving under King Ahasuerus (or Xerxes). By not mentioning the name of God, the author wanted the readers, who probably were pagans, to conclude for themselves without religious bias that the God of the Jews is the true God just by observing His supernatural acts of providence. In this manner God would prove His existence to all that are truly seeking His face in providence.

God Reveals Himself to All

The book of Esther serves as a reminder that we do not need to see God or read His name to know that He is there for He is “not far from each one of us” (Acts 17:27). God is near to all people, even when they do not acknowledge Him. This makes it easy for them to find Him, for He is by their side, waiting for them to come to Him and helping them to see their sad destiny away from Him.

However, God only reveals Himself to those who earnestly seek Him. “The Lord is near to all who call upon Him, to all who call upon Him in truth” (Psalms 145:18). He doesn’t push Himself on His children, He says, “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with Me” (Revelation 3:20). By His love, through the Scriptures, and through His providences, the Lord knocks at the door of the hearts of His children waiting for them to open and get blessed.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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