Who was Mordecai in the Old Testament?

Author: BibleAsk Team


In the Old Testament, Mordecai emerges as a pivotal and heroic figure in the biblical narrative. His story unfolds in the Book of Esther, a captivating account of courage, faith, and divine providence. Through his actions and unwavering commitment to his people, he not only navigates the perilous waters of political intrigue but also stands as a symbol of resilience in the face of adversity.

Lineage and Background

His lineage is traced back to the tribe of Benjamin, as revealed in the book of Esther. Esther 2:5-6 (NKJV) provides a glimpse into Mordecai’s ancestry: “In Shushan, the citadel, there was a certain Jew whose name was Mordecai the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite.”

Belonging to the tribe of Benjamin, the same tribe as King Saul, Mordecai shared a common heritage with the first king of Israel. This connection may have played a role in shaping his character and influencing his interactions within the Persian court.

Role in Esther’s Life

His significance in the biblical narrative is prominently highlighted through his relationship with his cousin, Esther. After the deposition of Queen Vashti, Esther, an orphan, was taken into the king’s palace. Mordecai, demonstrating familial devotion, assumed a surrogate parental role in her life.

Esther 2:7 (NKJV) records his commitment to Esther: “And Mordecai had brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle’s daughter, for she had neither father nor mother. The young woman was lovely and beautiful. When her father and mother died, Mordecai took her as his own daughter.”

His influence on Esther proved crucial in the unfolding drama that would follow, as he played a key part in guiding her through the challenges she faced in the royal court.

Refusal to Bow

One incident that thrust Mordecai into the spotlight occurred when Haman, an influential official in the Persian court, demanded that all bow down to him. The Jew’s refusal to bow before Haman stemmed from his unwavering commitment to God’s commandments.

Esther 3:2-4 (NKJV) recounts the scene: “All the king’s servants who were within the king’s gate bowed and paid homage to Haman, for so the king had commanded concerning him. But Mordecai would not bow or pay homage. Then the king’s servants who were within the king’s gate said to Mordecai, ‘Why do you transgress the king’s command?’ Now it happened, when they spoke to him daily and he would not listen to them, that they told it to Haman, to see whether Mordecai’s words would stand; for Mordecai had told them that he was a Jew.”

His refusal to compromise his principles and bow to Haman would set in motion a series of events that would shape the destiny of the Jewish people.

Role in Uncovering a Plot

Mordecai’s vigilance and loyalty to the king also come to the forefront in the narrative when he uncovers a plot to assassinate King Ahasuerus. Esther 2:21-23 (NKJV) narrates the events: “In those days, while Mordecai sat within the king’s gate, two of the king’s eunuchs, Bigthan and Teresh, doorkeepers, became furious and sought to lay hands on King Ahasuerus. So the matter became known to Mordecai, who told Queen Esther, and Esther informed the king in Mordecai’s name.”

This act of loyalty, though initially overlooked, later becomes a crucial factor in the king’s recognition of the Jew’s service, further contributing to the reversal of fortunes for the Jewish people.

Triumph Over Haman

Haman’s sinister plot to annihilate the Jews becomes the central conflict in the Book of Esther. Through a series of divinely orchestrated events, Esther is positioned to influence the king and reveal Haman’s wicked intentions. Esther’s uncle role in this narrative climax is pivotal.

Esther 8:2-3 (NKJV) records the king’s response to Esther’s plea on behalf of her people: “So the king took off his signet ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai; and Esther appointed Mordecai over the house of Haman.”

Esther’s uncle elevation to Haman’s position is a striking turn of events, showcasing divine intervention and poetic justice. The gallows that Haman had prepared for Mordecai become the instrument of Haman’s own downfall (Esther 7:10).

Influence and Legacy

Mordecai’s influence extends beyond the events of the immediate narrative. Esther 10:2-3 (NKJV) provides a summary of this man’s prominence and impact: “And all the acts of his power and his might, and the account of the greatness of Mordecai, to which the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia? For Mordecai the Jew was second to King Ahasuerus, and was great among the Jews and well received by the multitude of his brethren, seeking the good of his people and speaking peace to all his countrymen.”

His legacy is one of triumph over adversity, faithfulness to God’s commands, and commitment to the welfare of his people. His story stands as a testament to the providence of God and the instrumental role that individuals can play in the unfolding of divine purposes.


In the intricate narrative of the Old Testament, this Jew emerges as a figure of profound significance. From his humble beginnings in Shushan to his elevation to a position of prominence, his journey is marked by faith, courage, and unwavering commitment to his people. Through his actions, this faithful man not only thwarted a genocidal plot against the Jews but also became a symbol of hope and triumph. His legacy serves as an inspiration for believers, illustrating the profound impact of individuals who remain steadfast in their faith and convictions, even in the face of adversity.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

Leave a Comment