Who was the prophet Jeremiah in the Bible?


By BibleAsk Team

The Prophet Jeremiah

Jeremiah was the author of at least the major portion of the book that bears his name. The actual writing was done by his trusted secretary, Baruch, the son of Neriah (ch. 36:4, 27, 28, 32). The prophet was born about 650 B.C. in a village close to Jerusalem (ch. 1:1). His father Hilkiah was a priest (ch. 1:1). His name may mean “Yahweh establishes,” or “Yahweh casts,” etc. He was very young when called by God to be a prophet (ch. 1:1-10). He was financially comfortable for he owned property and had a personal assistance (ch. 32:6-15; 36:4).

Jeremiah was born during a troubled time in history. Great nations were struggling for control of the world. The little nation of Judah was located between the two superpowers – Assyria and Egypt. Many of the superpower’s wars were fought on Judah’s territory which caused great destruction. This made the Kings of Judah tempted to make alliances with either Babylon or Egypt but Jeremiah warned them to trust in God instead of these alliances.

The people of Judah apostatized. After the death of the good king Hezekiah, his wicked son Manasseh, came to the throne (2 Kings 21:1-9). Manasseh was followed by his wicked son Amon (2 Kings 21:19-22). When Amon was killed, his eight year old son, Josiah, was put on the throne (2 Kings 21:23-26). Josiah was the last of the godly kings of Judah. He led the people back to God and His Law (2 Kings 22, 23) and made many reforms. During King Josiah’s reign, Jeremiah was called by God to the ministry (ch. 1:1-10).

The Lord told Jeremiah not to marry or have a family (ch. 16:1-4) to spare him added grief from the impeding judgement and destruction that were to come upon the land. This prophet is often called “the weeping prophet” because he shed tears over the sins of his people and their open apostasy against their Creator.


Symbolic Actions (Jer. 18:1-6)

The ministry of Jeremiah is not confined to spoken words alone; he often engages in symbolic actions to convey profound messages. One notable instance occurs at the potter’s house, where God instructs him to observe the potter shaping and reshaping clay. This visual metaphor symbolizes God’s sovereignty over nations, illustrating His ability to mold and reshape them according to His divine purposes (Jeremiah 18:6).

Confronting Sin and Idolatry (Jer. 2:13)

Jeremiah’s messages are characterized by a fearless denunciation of sin and idolatry. In his passionate appeal to the people, he declares, “For My people have committed two evils: They have forsaken Me, the fountain of living waters, and hewn themselves cisterns—broken cisterns that can hold no water” (Jeremiah 2:13, NKJV). This vivid imagery vividly portrays the tragic consequences of turning away from the true source of life and relying on inadequate substitutes.

The Temple Sermon (Jer. 7:1-15)

Jeremiah delivers a powerful sermon at the temple gates, challenging the people’s false sense of security based on their religious rituals. He warns them against relying on the temple as a mere symbol of God’s presence while persisting in disobedience. In a striking declaration, Jeremiah declares, “Will you steal, murder, commit adultery, swear falsely, burn incense to Baal, and walk after other gods whom you do not know, and then come and stand before Me in this house which is called by My name, and say, ‘We are delivered to do all these abominations?'” (Jeremiah 7:9-10, NKJV). This sermon underscores the importance of genuine repentance and righteous living.

The Suffering Prophet (Jer. 20:7-9)

Jeremiah’s obedience to his prophetic calling comes at a great personal cost. He faces opposition, rejection, and persecution. In a poignant passage, he laments, “O Lord, You induced me, and I was persuaded; You are stronger than I, and have prevailed. I am in derision daily; everyone mocks me” (Jeremiah 20:7, NKJV). Despite the challenges, Jeremiah remains steadfast, driven by a deep commitment to fulfill the purpose God has ordained for him.

Hope Amidst Desolation (Jer. 29:11)

Amidst the backdrop of impending judgment and exile, God provides a beacon of hope through Jeremiah’s prophetic utterances. One of the most beloved verses in the book declares, “For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, says the Lord, thoughts of peace and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope” (Jeremiah 29:11, NKJV). This verse encapsulates the enduring theme of God’s faithfulness and redemptive intentions for His people, even in times of trial.

Jeremiah’s Symbolic Purchase (Jer. 32:6-15)

In a remarkable demonstration of faith during the Babylonian siege of Jerusalem, Jeremiah engages in a symbolic act by purchasing a field. This act, guided by God’s instruction, signifies a future return and restoration for Israel. Despite the immediate circumstances of captivity, Jeremiah invests in the promise of God’s faithfulness and eventual restoration of His people.

Although Jeremiah presented God’s warnings for 40 years, the people refused to turn back to God. And even his own family rejected him. He was beaten and put in prison on several occasions (Jer. 33:1; 37:13-15; 38:6-13).


During Judah’s last days, Jeremiah served as God’s prophet delivering His messages of warning to avoid the judgements of God. His book of Lamentations is the climax of these prophecies. The Lamentations testify to the sure fulfillment of God’s promised judgments. Yet, their message is not without hope. Through the picture of desolation runs a hope of anticipation that the Lord will forgive and relieve the sufferings of His people. “Turn thou us unto thee, O Lord, and we shall be turned; renew our days as of old” (Lament. 5:21).


When the prophet continued to preach God’s Word, he was finally stoned to death, according to Jewish history. Jeremiah’s life was one of ministry, sacrifice, and faithfulness. As he delivered the unpopular messages to Israel and was rejected, despised, and grieved by their apostasy, he still remained true and obedient to God.

Legacy and Influence

Jeremiah’s life and prophecies leave an indelible mark on biblical history, offering timeless lessons of obedience, perseverance, and hope. His unwavering commitment to proclaiming God’s truth, even in the face of adversity, serves as a source of inspiration for believers throughout generations. As we reflect on the pages of Jeremiah, we are invited to ponder our own responses to God’s calling, to confront sin with courage, and to embrace the hope that transcends the trials of life.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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