Who was King Josiah in the Bible?

Author: BibleAsk Team

King Josiah

In the biblical narratives, Josiah emerges as a figure of remarkable significance and virtue. His story, woven through the books of 2 Kings, 2 Chronicles, and the prophetic writings of Jeremiah, paints a portrait of a king whose heart was aligned with God’s will. This comprehensive exploration of his life will delve into his background, his reign, and the pivotal moments that defined his legacy.

Genealogy and Early Life

Josiah’s lineage traced back to the house of David, a heritage that carried profound spiritual implications. In 2 Kings 22:1, the Bible introduces him as the son of Amon and the grandson of Manasseh. His mother, Jedidah, played a crucial role in shaping his character, providing a stabilizing influence amidst the tumultuous times.

Ascension to the Throne

The circumstances surrounding his ascension to the throne were marked by tragedy. Amon, his father, had been assassinated, leaving behind a kingdom tainted by idolatry and moral decay. At the tender age of eight, he assumed the throne, facing the daunting task of restoring Judah to righteousness (2 Kings 22:2).

Reforms and Religious Restoration

Josiah’s commitment to the Lord manifested in a series of sweeping reforms. At the age of sixteen, he began to seek God earnestly, and by the twentieth year of his reign, he initiated a thorough cleansing of Judah from idolatry and pagan practices (2 Chronicles 34:3). The demolition of altars dedicated to false gods and the purging of the land from the vestiges of idol worship demonstrated his unwavering dedication to the God of Israel.

Rediscovery of the Law

One of the pivotal moments in Josiah’s reign occurred during the renovation of the temple. In 2 Kings 22:8, Hilkiah the high priest discovered the Book of the Law, which had been neglected and forgotten. This rediscovery triggered a profound spiritual awakening for the king. Realizing the extent of the nation’s deviation from God’s commands, Josiah tore his clothes in a symbolic gesture of repentance (2 Kings 22:11).

National Repentance and Covenant Renewal

Josiah’s response to the rediscovered Law was characterized by humility and a fervent desire to align the nation with God’s will. In 2 Kings 23:3, he gathered all the elders, priests, and prophets, and together they made a covenant to follow the Lord and keep His commandments. This public commitment to God marked a turning point in Judah’s history, as the people joined their king in a collective repentance.

Celebration of Passover

Josiah’s commitment to the Lord extended to the restoration of proper worship practices. In 2 Chronicles 35:1-19, the account of the king’s celebration of the Passover demonstrates his dedication to the observance of God’s appointed feasts. This event, marked by meticulous adherence to the law and the provision of offerings, reflected Josiah’s desire to honor God with sincerity and obedience.

Confrontation with Pharaoh Necho

Despite his commitment to righteousness, Josiah’s reign faced external challenges. In 2 Chronicles 35:20-27, the account of Josiah’s confrontation with Pharaoh Necho unfolds. The Bible shows that the king should never have gone to this battle without the approval of Heaven and the warn that Necho gave him in the name of God. Although Josiah’s motives may have been noble, the king of Judah met his tragic end in the battle of Megiddo. His death marked a significant loss for the nation and plunged Judah into a period of decline.


Josiah’s legacy endured beyond his earthly life. The biblical narrative portrays him as a king who “did what was right in the sight of the Lord” (2 Kings 22:2). His reforms and commitment to the worship of God left an indelible mark on the history of Judah. Even in death, Josiah’s memory continued to inspire reflection on the consequences of faithfulness and the perils of deviation from God’s commands.


Josiah’s story is a tapestry of righteousness woven in the complex landscape of biblical history. His reign stands as a testament to the transformative power of repentance, the importance of rediscovering God’s Word, and the enduring impact of a leader committed to honoring the Lord. In exploring Josiah’s life, we glimpse not only the historical narrative of a Judean king but also a profound spiritual journey that resonates with timeless truths.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

Leave a Comment