Who was Gad the seer in the Old Testament?


By BibleAsk Team

Gad the Seer

Gad the seer is a significant figure in the Old Testament, known for his role as a prophet and adviser to King David. His story is primarily found in the the books of 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, and 1 Chronicles.

Gad the seer is first introduced in 1 Samuel 22:5, where David, on the run from King Saul, seeks refuge in the cave of Adullam. The verse states (NKJV):

"Now the prophet Gad said to David, 'Do not stay in the stronghold; depart, and go to the land of Judah.' So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth." 

Here, Gad is referred to as a prophet, providing guidance and direction to David during a challenging period in his life.

Gad and David

God the seer’s association with David continues in 1 Samuel 22:15, where Saul, in his pursuit of David, discovers that the prophet is among those supporting David. This underscores the prophet’s commitment to David’s cause and his willingness to align himself with the one whom God had anointed as the future king.

As David’s life begins to change and he ascends to the throne, Gad’s role becomes more prominent. In 2 Samuel 24, he is sent by God to deliver a message to David regarding a census that the king had ordered. In 2 Samuel 24:11-13 (NKJV), the prophet conveys the divine message: “Thus says the Lord: ‘Choose for yourself, either three years of famine, or three months to be defeated by your foes with the sword of your enemies overtaking you, or else for three days the sword of the Lord—the plague in the land, with the angel of the Lord destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.'”

David is given the choice of three punishments for his actions – famine, defeat by enemies, or a plague. Gad, as the messenger of God, plays a crucial role in delivering this divine pronouncement, highlighting the prophet’s function in conveying God’s will to the leaders of Israel.

David, faced with this choice, opts for the third option – the plague. The consequences of the census result in a severe pestilence that claims the lives of 70,000 men in Israel. In 2 Samuel 24:18-19 (NKJV), this prophet once again intervenes with a divine message: “And Gad came that day to David and said to him, ‘Go up, erect an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.’ So David, according to the word of Gad, went up as the Lord commanded.”

Gad’s Ministry

Gad’s involvement in instructing David to build an altar on the threshing floor of Araunah underscores his continued role as a messenger priest between God and the king. His guidance leads to the eventual establishment of an altar that brings an end to the plague, symbolizing reconciliation between David and God.

Gad’s prophetic ministry is also highlighted in the book of 1 Chronicles. In 1 Chronicles 21:9-13 (NKJV), the prophet delivers the same message about the consequences of David’s census, emphasizing the severity of the divine judgment. David, recognizing the gravity of the situation, responds to Gad’s message with humility and repentance.

Gad the Seer’s contributions extend beyond the narrative of the census. In 1 Chronicles 29:29, it is mentioned that he, along with Nathan the prophet, recorded the acts of King David. This highlights Gad’s role not only as a prophet delivering messages but also as a chronicler, involved in preserving the historical accounts of David’s reign for future generations.


In conclusion, Gad the seer emerges as a pivotal figure in the life of King David. His role as a prophet, adviser, and messenger of God played a crucial part in shaping the events surrounding David’s kingship. From guiding David during his fugitive years to delivering divine messages about the consequences of the census, Gad’s contributions are integral to the biblical narrative. His presence underscores the significance of prophetic figures in the unfolding of God’s plan and the guidance they provide to leaders in times of both triumph and tribulation.

Related FAQs

Has the book of Gad the Seer been found?

In 1 Chronicles 29:29 in the Bible, it mentions:
“Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer.”
This verse refers to historical records or writings documenting the acts of King David. It mentions three sources: the book of Samuel the seer, the book of Nathan the prophet, and the book of Gad the seer. These books likely contained accounts of the events and achievements during David’s reign, as seen through the perspectives of these individuals—Samuel, Nathan, and Gad—who were prophets and advisors to David. While the books of Samuel and Nathan are included in the Bible, the book of Gad has not been preserved as a separate text and is considered lost.

Has the book of Gad the Seer been found?

The Book of Gad the Seer is a biblical text mentioned in the Bible in 1 Chronicles 29:29 and possibly also referenced in 2 Chronicles 9:29. However, no complete copy of this book has been found. It’s considered one of the lost books of the Bible, meaning that while it’s mentioned in the biblical text, the actual content has not survived or has not been discovered. There have been various theories and speculations about what this book might have contained, but concrete evidence of its existence or discovery is lacking.

We'd love your feedback, so leave a comment!

If you feel an answer is not 100% Bible based, then leave a comment, and we'll be sure to review it.
Our aim is to share the Word and be true to it.

Leave a Reply

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments