What does the Bible say about Samuel?


By BibleAsk Team

What does the Bible say about Samuel?

Samuel in the Bible is a pivotal figure whose life and contributions are extensively chronicled in the Old Testament. His narrative spans the books of 1 and 2 Samuel, providing a rich tapestry of historical events, prophetic insights, and personal experiences. His story begins with his miraculous birth to Hannah, a devout woman who fervently prayed for a child and dedicated him to God’s service. From a young age, he served under the priest Eli at the tabernacle in Shiloh, where he was called by God to be a prophet. This divine calling marked the beginning of his significant role in Israel’s history, bridging the period of the judges and the establishment of the monarchy.

Samuel’s influence is profound and multifaceted. As a judge, he provided spiritual and political leadership during a turbulent time for Israel, guiding the nation through conflicts and ensuring adherence to God’s laws. As a prophet, Samuel’s insights and directives from God were instrumental in shaping Israel’s future. He anointed Saul as the first king of Israel, marking the transition from theocratic rule to monarchy.

However, he also played a crucial role in the rise of David, Israel’s greatest king. He anointed David, recognizing his potential and God’s favor upon him. His life and actions underscored his unwavering commitment to God’s will, and his legacy is reflected in the stability and spiritual direction he provided during a critical juncture in Israel’s history. His narrative is a testament to the profound impact one dedicated individual can have on the spiritual and political course of a nation.

Early Life and Divine Calling

The account of Samuel begins with his birth, a miraculous event in response to the fervent prayers of his mother, Hannah. Barren and distressed, Hannah sought the Lord’s intervention at the tabernacle in Shiloh (1 Sam. 1:1-20). In a remarkable act of divine grace, she conceives and dedicates her son to the service of the Lord. His name, meaning “heard by God” or “asked of God,” reflects the circumstances surrounding his birth.

From a young age, Samuel is presented to the Lord and serves under the guidance of Eli, the high priest at Shiloh. It is during this formative period that he hears the voice of God calling him in the night (1 Sam. 3:1-21). This marks the initiation of his prophetic ministry—a calling that will shape the destiny of the nation of Israel.

Prophet and Judge

Samuel emerges as a prominent prophet in Israel, conveying God’s messages to the people and providing spiritual guidance during a critical period. His prophetic ministry is characterized by an unwavering commitment to the Word of God and anointing of kings. In 1 Samuel 7, the prophet calls the people to repentance, leading to a revival and the defeat of the Philistines at Mizpah.

The prophet also plays a crucial role as a judge, traveling throughout Israel to administer justice and settle disputes (1 Sam. 7:15-17). However, as he ages, the prophet faces a challenge: his sons, Joel and Abijah, do not follow in his righteous footsteps, leading the elders to request a king to govern them (1 Sam. 8:1-5).

The Anointing of Saul

God instructs the prophet Samuel to heed the people’s request for a king while cautioning them about the potential consequences of such a decision. Despite Samuel’s personal reservations and warnings about the future challenges and the potential for abuse of power by a king, God tells Samuel to listen to the people’s demands. Obediently, Samuel anoints Saul, a young Benjaminite, as the first king of Israel, as recorded in 1 Samuel 10.

Saul’s rise to power is marked by divine confirmation through a series of signs, including the transformation of his heart and prophetic experiences among the prophets, which publicly validate his new role. Samuel, acting as the instrument of God’s will, formally transfers authority to Saul by anointing him with oil and proclaiming him king before the people. This act signifies the official establishment of the monarchy in Israel, marking a significant shift from the era of judges to a centralized royal leadership.

The Anointing of David

As Saul’s reign unfolds, tensions rise due to his disobedience to God’s commands. Samuel is sent by God to deliver a message of judgment to Saul, foretelling the loss of his kingdom (1 Sam. 15:10-35). Despite his grief over Saul’s fall from grace, Samuel remains faithful to his prophetic role.

In a turn of events, God directs this prophet to the house of Jesse in Bethlehem to anoint the next king from among Jesse’s sons (1 Sam. 16:1-13). Through divine guidance, Samuel anoints the youngest son, David, as the future king of Israel. This pivotal moment sets the stage for David’s eventual ascent to the throne.

Death and Legacy

Samuel’s life comes to an end, and the nation mourns for him (1 Sam. 25:1). His death is marked by the people’s acknowledgment of his righteous leadership and the impact of his prophetic ministry. His legacy endures through the writings that bear his name and the significant role he played in shaping the course of Israel’s history.


Samuel in the Bible emerges as a multifaceted figure—prophet, judge, and kingmaker. His unwavering commitment to God’s will, from his miraculous birth to the anointing of kings, demonstrates a profound faithfulness to his divine calling. Samuel’s life begins with a miracle: his mother, Hannah, fervently prayed for a child and promised to dedicate him to God. God answered her prayers, and Samuel’s early years were spent in service at the tabernacle under Eli the priest. This early dedication to God set the stage for Samuel’s lifelong service and obedience.

As a prophet, Samuel was the mouthpiece of God, delivering messages that often called the nation to repentance and righteousness. His role as a judge saw him provide not just judicial decisions but spiritual and moral guidance, leading Israel through a period of turmoil and disunity.

Samuel’s story also underscores his crucial role as a kingmaker. He anointed Saul as Israel’s first king, a significant shift from the period of the judges to a centralized monarchy. Despite Saul’s initial promise, his disobedience to God led to his downfall, and Samuel was tasked with anointing David, a young shepherd who would become Israel’s greatest king. Samuel’s discernment and obedience in these anointing’s highlight the consequences of both obedience and disobedience to God’s commands.

Through his life, Samuel exemplified the power of prayer, as seen in his own origins, and the sovereignty of God in shaping the destiny of nations. His unwavering faithfulness and his pivotal role in Israel’s history serve as a timeless testament to the impact one devoted individual can have in fulfilling divine purposes and guiding the spiritual and political future of a nation.

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