Who was the prophet Joel?


By BibleAsk Team

The biblical landscape is adorned with numerous figures who played pivotal roles in shaping the spiritual narrative of ancient times. Among them, Joel stands as a prophet whose words echo through the ages, leaving an indelible mark on the pages of sacred scripture. This exploration delves into the identity of Joel in the Bible, unraveling the layers of his character and examining the profound message he conveyed.

Joel: Background

Joel, whose name means “Yahweh is God.” Understanding Joel’s message requires situating him within the broader historical context of the Old Testament. The post-exilic period, marked by the return of the Israelites from Babylonian captivity, was characterized by challenges and the need for spiritual renewal. Joel’s prophecy addressed these circumstances, calling the people to repentance and a renewed commitment to God’s covenant.

His Book

The prophetic words of Joel are encapsulated in the book bearing his name. Comprising only three chapters, this concise yet powerful text is a literary masterpiece that vividly portrays the prophet’s visions and the divine messages he received. The structure of the book provides a framework for understanding Joel’s revelations.

A Call to Attention (ch. 1:1-4)

The book commences with a solemn call to attention, summoning the elders and inhabitants of the land to heed the words of the prophet. Joel’s urgent plea reflects the gravity of the impending events and the divine judgment that looms on the horizon.

The Devastation of Locusts (ch. 1:2-12)

Joel employs vivid imagery to describe the devastating impact of a locust invasion. These swarming insects become symbolic of a larger spiritual truth – the consequences of disobedience and the need for repentance. The agricultural devastation serves as a metaphor for the spiritual desolation that befalls those who turn away from God.

The Day of the Lord (ch. 2:1-11)

One of the central themes in Joel’s prophecy is the concept of the “Day of the Lord.” This eschatological vision foretells a time of divine intervention, where God’s justice and judgment will be unmistakably manifest. Joel calls the people to repentance, urging them to return to the Lord before the imminent arrival of this day.

Restoration and Blessing (ch. 2:18-27)

In the midst of judgment, Joel reveals God’s merciful character. Upon genuine repentance, the prophet assures the people of divine restoration and blessings. The barrenness caused by disobedience will be replaced with abundance, illustrating God’s unwavering commitment to His covenant with Israel.

The Outpouring of the Spirit (ch. 2:28-32)

Under the theme of the coming “day of the Lord,” Joel calls his nation to forsake their sins, and promises an outpouring of the Spirit “afterward.” We read: “And it shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions. And also on My menservants and on My maidservants I will pour out My Spirit in those days.”

“And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth: blood and fire and pillars of smoke. The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and awesome day of the Lord. And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be [a]saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be deliverance, as the Lord has said, among the remnant whom the Lord calls” (ch. 2:28–32).

The expectation of such an outpouring of the Holy Spirit was strong among the devout men of the old testament. In the New Testament, a partial fulfillment of the prophecy of Joel took place at the outpouring of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. It was quoted by the apostle Peter in his Pentecost sermon in Acts 2: 17-21 as the “early rain” or an autumn blessing. This prophecy will have a complete fulfillment just before the second coming of Christ when the Holy Spirit will fall in a greater measure known as the “latter rain” or the spring blessing (ch. 2:23).

The Final Judgment (ch. 3:1-16)

The book concludes with a portrayal of the final judgment, where God gathers the nations for an account of their actions. The imagery is apocalyptic, emphasizing the cosmic scale of God’s judgment. In this climactic moment, Joel’s prophecy reaches its zenith, affirming the sovereignty of Yahweh over all creation.

Influence on Later Scripture

The impact of Joel’s words extends beyond the boundaries of his book. His prophetic utterances influenced other biblical writers and found echoes in later scripture. The imagery of the locust invasion and the concept of the “Day of the Lord” reverberate in the writings of other prophets, emphasizing the interconnectedness of biblical themes.

Joel and Amos

The similarities between Joel and the prophet Amos are striking. Both address the theme of the “Day of the Lord” and emphasize the importance of genuine repentance. The synergy between their messages highlights a unified call for righteousness and obedience to God’s commands.

Influence on Revelation

The apocalyptic imagery found in the prophet’s description of the final judgment resonates with the book of Revelation. John, the author of Revelation, draws on the language and symbolism employed by Joel, reinforcing the continuity of prophetic themes throughout the biblical narrative.


Joel’s legacy extends beyond the pages of scripture. His message of repentance, restoration, and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit continues to inspire believers across generations. The enduring relevance of his prophecy lies in its timeless call to align with God’s purposes and embrace the hope of divine renewal.


In the vast tapestry of biblical figures, Joel emerges as a prophet whose words transcend the boundaries of time and culture. The prophet’s book stands as a testament to the enduring relevance of God’s message and the call to repentance. As we delve into the depths of Joel’s prophecy, we encounter a divine narrative that challenges, convicts, and ultimately points toward the redemptive grace of Yahweh, the God whom Joel proclaimed.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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