The term “logos” holds significant theological and philosophical importance, particularly in the context of the Bible. The term originates from Greek philosophy, and in the New Testament, it is used in the Gospel of John to describe the divine and incarnate Word of God. The term in the Bible represents the divine expression, communication, and creative power of God.
1-Etymology and Philosophical Background: The word “logos” is derived from the Greek root meaning “word,” “speech,” or “reason.” In Greek philosophy, especially in the teachings of Heraclitus and later Stoicism, the term referred to the principle of order and knowledge that governs the universe. This philosophical background lays the foundation for its use in the New Testament.
2-The Gospel of John: The profound theological significance of logos is most explicitly articulated in the Gospel of John. John 1:1-14 is a pivotal passage that introduces the concept: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God… And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us…” (John 1:1, 14 NKJV). Here, “Word” is a translation of the Greek “logos.” This passage establishes the pre-existence and divine nature of Jesus Christ as the incarnate Word of God.
3-Creative and Sustaining Power: This term, in the biblical context, is not merely a linguistic expression but carries creative and sustaining power. In Genesis, God speaks the world into existence through His Word: “Then God said, ‘Let there be light’; and there was light” (Genesis 1:3 NKJV). This creative aspect of the term underscores its role in the divine act of creation.
4-Revelation and Communication: This term serves as a means of revelation, communication, and understanding between God and humanity. Throughout the Bible, God communicates His will, purpose, and truth through His Word. Psalm 119 beautifully expresses the importance of God’s Word: “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path” (Psalm 119:105 NKJV). This term, as God’s Word, guides and illuminates the path for believers.
5-Jesus Christ as the Incarnate Logos: In Christian theology, the culmination of the logos is seen in the person of Jesus Christ. John’s prologue emphasizes the divine nature of Christ and His role in creation: “All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made” (John 1:3 NKJV). Jesus, as the incarnate logos, becomes the ultimate expression of God’s communication and revelation to humanity.
6-The Written Word – Scripture: Another dimension of logos is seen in the written Word of God, the Scriptures. The Bible itself is a form of logos, providing guidance, wisdom, and revelation. Paul affirms the divine inspiration of Scripture in 2 Timothy 3:16: “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness…” (2 Timothy 3:16 NKJV). The written Word complements the incarnate Word, Jesus Christ.
7-The Logos and Salvation: The logos is intimately connected to the redemptive plan of God. Jesus, as the Word incarnate, brings salvation and reconciliation. John 3:16 encapsulates this truth: “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life” (John 3:16 NKJV). The logos, through Jesus, provides the means for humanity to be reconciled to God.
In summary, the concept of logos in the Bible encompasses the divine Word, expressing the creative, communicative, and redemptive aspects of God. From the act of creation to the incarnation of Jesus Christ, the logos serves as a central theme that is found through the biblical narrative, revealing God’s purpose and love for humanity.
In His service,