What Bible books did Paul write? 

Author: BibleAsk Team

The Books of Paul

 The Apostle Paul, also known as Saul of Tarsus, played a pivotal role in the early Christian church and is credited with writing many of the New Testament books. His letters, commonly referred to as epistles, are essential to understanding the theology and teachings of Christianity. In this exploration, we will delve into the Bible books traditionally attributed to Paul, providing New King James Version (NKJV) references and headlines for each.

1. Romans

The Book of Romans, often considered Paul’s magnum opus, addresses the foundational doctrines of Christianity. In it, Paul discusses the righteousness of God, justification by faith, and the role of the law in salvation.

2. 1 Corinthians

This letter is a response to various issues in the Corinthian church, addressing topics such as division, immorality, and disputes. It also contains the famous chapter on love in 1 Corinthians 13.

3. 2 Corinthians

Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians is a more personal communication, revealing his emotions and experiences. It touches on topics like reconciliation, giving, and the thorn in the flesh.

4. Galatians

In Galatians, Paul vehemently defends the doctrine of justification by faith and argues against the necessity of circumcision for salvation. The letter emphasizes freedom in Christ.

5. Ephesians

The Book of Ephesians delves into the cosmic dimensions of God’s plan, emphasizing unity in Christ and the spiritual blessings believers possess.

6. Philippians

Paul writes to the Philippians from prison, expressing joy in the midst of adversity. The letter encourages believers to have a mindset of humility and joy in Christ.

7. Colossians

Colossians focuses on the supremacy of Christ and warns against false teachings. It emphasizes the believer’s identity in Christ and the need for a Christ-centered life.

8. 1 Thessalonians

This letter addresses the Thessalonian believers’ questions about the return of Christ. It encourages them to live godly lives and be ready for Christ’s coming.

9. 2 Thessalonians

Building on the first letter, 2 Thessalonians focuses on the second coming of Christ and warns against idleness and false teachings about the end times.

10. 1 Timothy

Addressed to Timothy, Paul’s protégé, this letter provides guidance on church leadership, combating false teachings, and maintaining godly conduct.

11. 2 Timothy

Paul’s final letter, 2 Timothy, is a heartfelt plea for Timothy to remain faithful to the Gospel. It emphasizes endurance, sound doctrine, and the sufficiency of Scripture.

12. Titus

Addressing Titus, a fellow worker, this letter provides instructions for appointing leaders in the church and emphasizes the importance of good works.

13. Philemon

A personal letter to Philemon, a slave owner, urging him to welcome back his runaway slave Onesimus as a brother in Christ.

These thirteen letters, attributed to the Apostle Paul, form a significant part of the New Testament, providing guidance, encouragement, and doctrinal foundations for the early Christian church and believers today. Each book carries a distinctive message, contributing to the rich tapestry of Christian theology and practice.

The Dates of the Books

  • Galatians (47 AD)
  • 1 and 2 Thessalonians (49—51 AD)
  • 1 and 2 Corinthians and Romans (52—56 AD)
  • Ephesians, Philemon, Colossians, and Philippians (60—62 AD, Paul’s 1st Roman imprisonment)
  • 1 Timothy and Titus (62 AD)
  • 2 Timothy (AD 63—64, Paul’s 2nd Roman imprisonment)

Who Was Paul?

Although Paul was not one of the twelve apostles, he was certainly an outstanding apostle of the Lord. He is regarded as one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age as he spread the gospel of truth to many parts of the world during the first century. 

The apostle was born as Saul in Tarsus, Cilicia around A.D. 1–5. He was of Benjamite lineage and Hebrew ancestry (Philippians 3:5–6). His parents were Pharisees who adhered strictly to the Law of Moses. He was also a Roman citizen (Acts 22:27). 

At a very early age, he mastered the Jewish faith under rabbi Gamaliel (Acts 22:3). After his early training, Saul set to become a lawyer and a member of the Sanhedrin. He was very zealous for the Jewish faith and was present at the stoning and death of Stephen, the first martyr of the church (Acts 7:58). Later on, Saul took an active role in persecuting the early church using brutal violence (Acts 8:3). 

Thankfully, the grace of God changed Saul’s life when he met Jesus Christ on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-22). Saul saw a bright light from heaven. And he heard Jesus saying, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” He responded, “Who are you Lord?” Jesus answered directly and clearly, “I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting” (verses 4-5). After this encounter, he gave his life to the Lord and the Holy Spirit converted and changed his life completely. From that point on, his name became known as Paul (Acts 13:9). 

The apostle spent the rest of his days preaching the risen Jesus Christ throughout the Roman world, during which he faced great trials and persecutions (2 Corinthians 11:24-27). His ministry was directed to the Gentiles. And in the mid-30s to the mid-50s AD, he established several churches in Asia Minor and Europe. 

Despite the great difficulties that he faced, the apostle praised the Lord always and spoke the truth boldly wherever he went (Acts 16:22–25; Philippians 4:11–13). He declared, “For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain” (Philippians 1:21). His existence was comprehended in, and bounded by His Lord (Romans 6:11; 2 Corinthians 5:15; Galatians 2:20). It is believed that the apostle died, in Rome, a martyr’s death in the mid-to-late 60s A.D. 

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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