Did all humans originate from only two people?


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Evolutionary claims

Evolutionary scientists claim that the human genetic diversity could not have come from only two people. They suggest in mathematical simulations that to realize the genetic diversity of modern humans, the early initial population would need to be much more than two people. The number they suggest is about 10,000 humans.

However, these studies can’t be trusted because they are built on sheer assumptions. These assumptions include: assumed evolutionary relationships, assumed mutation rates, and assumed generation times. So, if the assumptions are wrong, then the mathematical simulations built on them would also be wrong. And thus, these calculations would not give a correct initial population size that is needed to produce the modern human genetic variation.

Science consistent with the Bible account – only two people

Today, the genetic evidence is consistent with human DNA being “young” and the human race beginning with a very small initial population as the Bible declares which is two people – Adam and Eve (Genesis 1 and 2). For science has provided us with amazing findings.

The International HapMap project attempted to study a chosen group of DNA similarities and differences between humans known as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The SNPs are believed to be representative of the genome (total human DNA) and what is true for them would be true for the whole genome.

These scientific studies and others have shown that the difference in DNA between any two humans is astonishingly low . . . only 0.1 percent. [Lynn B. Jorde and Stephen P. Wooding, “Genetic Variation, Classification and ‘Race’,” Nature Genetics 36 (2004):S28–S33. Quoted in “Were Adam and Eve Real People,” chapter 20 of How We Know the Bible is True volume 2, Green Forest, Arkansas: Master Books, 2012.]

And based on this very low percentage, some scientists postulated, “This proportion is low compared with those of many other species, from fruit flies to chimpanzees, reflecting the recent origins of our species from a small founding population.” They also declared, “[Certain genetic estimates] tell us that humans vary only slightly at the DNA level and that only a small proportion of this variation separates continental populations.” (Ibid).

These findings are consistent with the Bible’s account that humans were created only a few thousand years ago; a very short time ago, so there is little genetic variation. Besides, many places in which the human genome varies take place in only two “versions.” [“Genome Variations,” Genome News Network, www.genomenewsnetwork.org/resources/whats_a_genome/Chp4_1.shtml. Discussed in Georgia Purdom, “Were Adam and Eve Real People,” chapter 20 of How We Know the Bible is True volume 2, Green Forest, Arkansas: Master Books, 2012]

These scientific discoveries support the biblical truth that our original people consisted of only two humans. Also, other genetic variants take place in versions constrained to specific populations. And this matches the Bible dispersion from the Tower of Babel with the resulting separation of some groups from the rest of the human population (Genesis 11:1-9).

Jesus supported the creation account

Jesus Christ – the Son of God- testified to the fact that only two were the first humans saying, “Have you not read that He who created them from the beginning made them male and female” (Matthew 19:3-6 also Mark 10:2-9). And Jesus’ testimony is true because no man that ever lived did the mighty miracles that He did (Acts 2:22), or lived a sinless life as He did (1 Peter 2:22).

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

This answer is also available in: हिन्दी

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