Who was Nahum in the Old Testament?


By BibleAsk Team

Nahum, a relatively lesser-known prophet in the Bible, played a crucial role in delivering a powerful message concerning the impending judgment of Nineveh, the capital of the Assyrian Empire. His writings are preserved in the Old Testament, specifically in the book that bears his name. In this exploration, we will delve into the historical context, the life of this prophet, and the profound significance of his prophetic message.

I. Historical Context

To comprehend Nahum’s prophetic utterances, it is essential to understand the historical backdrop of his time. The Assyrian Empire, a formidable force during the 7th century BCE, had conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel and oppressed its people. The prophet’s message is primarily directed towards Nineveh, the capital of the Assyrians, foretelling its imminent downfall. The vivid descriptions of Nineveh’s wickedness and cruelty set the stage for his prophecy of divine judgment.

II. Nahum

A. His Identity: The Book of Nahum itself provides scant details about the prophet’s personal life. His name means “comfort” or “consolation,” a stark contrast to the ominous nature of his prophetic message. Despite the limited information, his identity as a messenger of God is clear, and his words carry substantial weight.

B. Geographic Background: This prophet is often associated with Elkosh, but the exact location of this place remains uncertain. Some scholars suggest that Elkosh could be a village in Judah or a region in northern Mesopotamia. Regardless of the precise location, this prophet emerges as a figure chosen by God to deliver a critical message to Nineveh.

III. His Message

A. Divine Wrath Against Nineveh: Nahum’s prophecy is a vivid portrayal of God’s righteous anger against the sins of Nineveh. In chapter 1:2-3 (NKJV), he declares, “God is jealous, and the Lord avenges; the Lord avenges and is furious. The Lord will take vengeance on His adversaries, and He reserves wrath for His enemies. The Lord is slow to anger and great in power, and will not at all acquit the wicked.”

B. Descriptions of Nineveh’s Wickedness: The prophet uses vivid and powerful imagery to describe the sins of Nineveh. In chapter 3:1-4 (NKJV), he portrays the city as a bloody and deceitful harlot, laden with sorcery and idolatry. These vivid descriptions emphasize the depth of Nineveh’s moral decay and justify the impending divine judgment.

IV. Fulfillment of His Prophecy

A. Fall of Nineveh: History attests to the accuracy of Nahum’s prophecy, as Nineveh faced destruction in 612 BCE. The Babylonians and the Medes joined forces to bring about the downfall of this once-mighty city. His words became a reality, demonstrating the fulfillment of God’s judgment against the oppressive Assyrian Empire.

B. Lessons in Divine Justice and Comfort: His prophecy not only serves as a warning against unrepentant wickedness but also offers comfort to those who trust in God’s justice. In chapter 1:7 (NKJV), the prophet affirms, “The Lord is good, a stronghold in the day of trouble, and He knows those who trust in Him.” This reassurance emphasizes the enduring nature of God’s justice and protection for the righteous.

V. Nahum’s Relevance Today

Though Nahum’s immediate audience was the ancient Assyrian Empire, his message continues to resonate in contemporary times. The principles of divine justice, warnings against unrepentant sin, and the assurance of God’s protection remain relevant for individuals and nations alike.


Nahum, though a relatively obscure figure in the Bible, played a pivotal role in delivering a prophetic message that transcends time. His warnings of divine wrath, vivid descriptions of Nineveh’s sins, and the subsequent fulfillment of his prophecy underscore the timeless nature of God’s justice. The prophet’s words, preserved in the Book of Nahum, continue to inspire reflection on the consequences of unrighteousness and the comfort found in trusting in God’s unwavering justice.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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