What does the Bible say about the land of Goshen?

Author: BibleAsk Team

The Land of Goshen

The land of Goshen is a significant geographical location mentioned in the Bible, primarily in the context of the story of Joseph and the Israelites in Egypt. While the Bible provides limited details about this and, it plays a crucial role in the biblical narrative as the land where the Israelites settled and prospered during their time in Egypt.

Genesis 45:10 – Joseph’s Instructions to His Brothers:

One of the earliest references to the land of Goshen occurs in Genesis 45, during Joseph’s reunion with his brothers in Egypt. After revealing his identity to them, Joseph instructs his brothers to go back to their father Jacob (Israel) and bring their families to Egypt to dwell in the land of Goshen:

“And you shall dwell in the land of Goshen, and you shall be near to me, you and your children, your children’s children, your flocks and your herds, and all that you have.” (Genesis 45:10, NKJV)

This passage highlights Joseph’s desire to provide for his family and ensure their well-being by settling them in the fertile land of Goshen, where they would have access to abundant pastureland for their livestock.

Genesis 47:1-6 – Pharaoh’s Invitation to the Israelites:

In Genesis 47, Pharaoh extends an invitation to Jacob and his family to settle in the land of Goshen, recognizing the value of their presence and contribution to the Egyptian economy. Pharaoh instructs Joseph to settle his family in the best part of the land and provide for their needs:

“Then Joseph went and told Pharaoh, and said, ‘My father and my brothers, their flocks and their herds and all that they possess, have come from the land of Canaan; and indeed they are in the land of Goshen.’ And he took five men from among his brothers and presented them to Pharaoh. Then Pharaoh said to his brothers, ‘What is your occupation?’ And they said to Pharaoh, ‘Your servants are shepherds, both we and also our fathers.'”

“And they said to Pharaoh, ‘We have come to dwell in the land, because your servants have no pasture for their flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. Now therefore, please let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen.’ Then Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, saying, ‘Your father and your brothers have come to you. The land of Egypt is before you. Have your father and brothers dwell in the best of the land; let them dwell in the land of Goshen.'” (Genesis 47:1-6, NKJV)

This passage underscores the favor and hospitality shown by Pharaoh towards the Israelites, as he grants them permission to settle in this fertile land and provides for their needs during a time of famine and hardship.

Genesis 47:27 – The Prosperity of the Israelites in the Fertile Land:

Throughout their time in Egypt, the Israelites prospered and multiplied in the land of Goshen, enjoying the blessings and provisions of God. Genesis 47:27 provides a summary of their settlement and their flourishing:

“So Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions there and grew and multiplied exceedingly.” (Genesis 47:27, NKJV)

This passage highlights the fulfillment of God’s promise to bless and multiply the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, even in the midst of adversity and exile. Despite their status as foreigners in a foreign land, the Israelites found favor and prosperity in this fertile land laying the foundation for their eventual deliverance and redemption from bondage.

Exodus 8:22 – Goshen Spared from the Flies:

During the time of Moses and the Exodus, the land of Goshen served as a place of refuge and protection for the Israelites, as it was spared from the plague of the flies that afflicted the rest of Egypt. Exodus 8:22 highlights God’s divine intervention on behalf of His people, as He distinguishes between the land of Goshen and the land of Egypt:

“And in that day I will set apart the land of Goshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there, in order that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of the land.” (Exodus 8:22, NKJV)

This passage underscores the special relationship between God and His chosen people, as He protects and preserves them from harm and destruction, even amidst the judgment and upheaval experienced by the Egyptians.

Exodus 9:26 – Goshen Spared from the Hail:

In Exodus 9, Goshen is once again spared from the devastating effects of the hailstorm that strikes Egypt as part of God’s judgment against Pharaoh and his people. Exodus 9:26 highlights the contrast between Goshen and the rest of Egypt, as the land of Goshen remains untouched by the destructive hail:

“Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail.” (Exodus 9:26, NKJV)

This passage reaffirms God’s faithfulness to His covenant promises and His commitment to protect and preserve His people, even in the midst of natural disasters and supernatural judgments.


The land of Goshen occupies a significant place in the biblical narrative as the place where the Israelites settled and prospered during their time in Egypt. It served as a place of refuge, provision, and divine protection for God’s chosen people, demonstrating God’s faithfulness to His covenant promises and His commitment to bless and preserve His people even in the midst of adversity and hardship. While the Bible provides limited details about Goshen, its significance lies in its role as a symbol of God’s favor and provision for His people, as well as a testament to the enduring faithfulness of the Lord throughout history.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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