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The Ten Commandments stand high above all other moral and spiritual laws. It is the manual of human conduct and covers the field of human duty to God and to man (Matt. 22:34–40). Man was made in the image of God (Gen. 1:27), made to be holy as He is holy (1 Peter 1:15, 16). The Ten Commandments are Heaven’s standard of holiness (Rom. 7:7–25).
The Ten Commandments don’t save or cleanse anyone. It only serves as a mirror that points to sin in the life (James 1:23-25) that the sinner may go to Christ for cleansing and forgiveness (1 John 1:7).
Jesus taught that those that are obedient to His law through His enabling grace will obtain eternal life (Matt. 19:16–19). And the key to the spiritual understanding of the law was shown by Christ in the sermon on the mount (Matt. 5 to 7).
The Ten Commandments can never change, for they are the absolute expression of God’s will and character. For this reason, God personally gave them to His children both orally and in writing (Ex. 31:18; Deut. 4:13).
The Decalogue is not only the revelation of God’s holiness but also of His love (Matt. 22:34–40; John 15:10; Rom. 13:8–10; 1 John 2:4). Whatever we give to God or man, if it be without love, then the law is not fulfilled.
It is love that guards us from breaking the Ten Commandments, for how could we worship other gods, take His name in vain, and neglect the observance of the Sabbath if we truly love Him? How can we steal from our neighbor, testify against him, or covet his possessions if we love him? Love is the root of loyalty to God, and respect for men. It should ever be the great motive that prompts us to obedience (John 14:15; 15:10; 2 Cor. 5:14; Gal. 5:6).
The Ten Commandments confirm the truth of Christian freedom (James 2:12; 2 Cor. 3:17). Though the letter of the law may appear to be narrow in scope, its spirit is “exceeding broad” (Ps. 119:96).
The Ten Commandments are excluded from the other parts of the law, (ch. 25:16; Deut. 4:13; Ex. 34:28; Ex. 31:18; 32:15; Deut. 9:9–11). They were the only ones that were placed inside the ark of the covenant (Ex. 25:21; 1 Kings 8:9). They were placed under the mercy seat which signifies that the law is the foundation of the covenant. Nevertheless, over the law is the mercy seat, sprinkled with the blood which means there is forgiveness for sin through the blood of Jesus.
In His service,