Did the Ezekiel 38 & 39 prophecy get fulfilled? 


By BibleAsk Team

The prophecy of Ezekiel 38 and 39, often referred to as the prophecy of Gog and Magog, is a debated one among scholars. It describes a future invasion of Israel by a coalition of nations led by Gog, of the land of Magog. To understand whether this prophecy has been fulfilled, it is essential to analyze the text itself, its historical and theological context.

Text of the Prophecy

Ezekiel 38:1-3 (NKJV)

"Now the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 'Son of man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him, and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God: “Behold, I am against you, O Gog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal.'"

The prophecy begins with God directing Ezekiel to speak against Gog, the leader of a coalition from the north. This sets the stage for the ensuing conflict described in the subsequent verses.

Ezekiel 38:15-16 (NKJV)

"Then you will come from your place out of the far north, you and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great company and a mighty army. You will come up against My people Israel like a cloud, to cover the land. It will be in the latter days that I will bring you against My land, so that the nations may know Me, when I am hallowed in you, O Gog, before their eyes."

Gog’s coalition comes from the far north, and their purpose, as orchestrated by God, is to demonstrate His power and holiness to the nations.

Ezekiel 38:22-23 (NKJV)

"And I will bring him to judgment with pestilence and bloodshed; I will rain down on him, on his troops, and on the many peoples who are with him, flooding rain, great hailstones, fire, and brimstone. Thus I will magnify Myself and sanctify Myself, and I will be known in the eyes of many nations. Then they shall know that I am the Lord."

God’s intervention is dramatic and decisive, involving natural and supernatural calamities that destroy the invading forces. The purpose is to glorify Himself and make His identity known to many nations.

Ezekiel 39:1-2 (NKJV)

"And you, son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God: “Behold, I am against you, O Gog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal; and I will turn you around and lead you on, bringing you up from the far north, and bring you against the mountains of Israel."

The continuation in Ezekiel 39 reaffirms the prophecy against Gog and emphasizes God’s role in leading these events.

Ezekiel 39:21-22 (NKJV)

"I will set My glory among the nations; all the nations shall see My judgment which I have executed, and My hand which I have laid on them. So the house of Israel shall know that I am the Lord their God from that day forward."

This passage reiterates the purpose of the prophecy: to demonstrate God’s power and reaffirm His relationship with Israel.

Historical Interpretation

The historical context of Ezekiel’s prophecies is the Babylonian exile, a period when Israel was devastated, and its people were in despair. Ezekiel’s prophecies offered hope for restoration but also contained warnings of future conflicts.

Local Literal Fulfillment

The Ezekiel 38 and 39 prophecy has not yet been fulfilled historically. There has been no recorded historical event that matches the description of an overwhelming invasion from the north led by a figure named Gog, followed by divine intervention on the scale described.

The reason for that is because prophecies respecting a future glory of Israel and Jerusalem were mainly conditional on their obedience (Jeremiah 18:7–10; Deuteronomy 28). The prophecy would have met a literal fulfillment in the centuries following had Israel fully kept God’s purposes regarding them. The failure of Israel made impossible the fulfillment of these prophecies in their initial intent.  

Ezekiel 38 and 39 would have met a literal fulfillment after the Jews returned from exile if they had accepted the conditions offered by God’s prophets. But because they repeatedly refused, the condition of prosperity here pictured was never realized.

However, this does not necessarily mean that these prophecies have no further importance. Paul gives the answer in these words, “has God failed to fulfill his promise to Israel? No, for not all who are born into the nation of Israel are truly members of God’s people!” (Romans 9:6, NKJV).  Hence, these promises have a sure application to spiritual Israel or the New Testament Church that believes in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior.

Future Symbolic Fulfillment

In eschatological interpretations, the prophecy of Ezekiel 38-39 is often linked with other biblical prophecies about the end times, such as those in the Book of Revelation.

Revelation 20:7-9 (NKJV)

"Now when the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea. They went up on the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city. And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them."

In Revelation, Gog and Magog reappear as symbolic representations of the forces of evil gathered for a final confrontation with God. This links Ezekiel’s prophecy to ultimate eschatological events, further supporting the view that it has a future, rather than historical, fulfillment. This controversy will finally end by the destruction of Satan and his hosts (termed Gog and Magog, Revelation 20:8) at the end of the millennium.


The conditional prophecy of Ezekiel 38 and 39 regarding Gog and Magog has not been fulfilled in a literal, historical sense due to the Jews’ disobedience. The described events—an overwhelming invasion from the north, dramatic divine intervention, and the subsequent acknowledgment of God’s sovereignty by many nations—have no direct historical counterpart.

Instead, this prophecy will have an eschatological fulfillment to spiritual Israel or the believers in Christ, pointing to a future time when God will decisively defeat the forces of evil. The prophecy serves as a powerful reminder of God’s ultimate sovereignty and His promise to protect and vindicate His people. Ezekiel 38 and 39 offers hope and assurance of God’s enduring commitment to His covenant people.

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