What is the nature of Angels?


By BibleAsk Team


Angels play a significant role in the Bible, appearing throughout both the Old and New Testaments as messengers, guardians, and agents of God’s will. The nature of these celestial beings as depicted in the Bible encompasses various attributes and functions, shedding light on their role in the divine order and their interactions with humanity.

The Bible does not state that these heavenly beings are created in the image and likeness of God, as humans are (Genesis 1:26). The good heavenly messengers are sent by God for the ministry of believers (Hebrews 1:14). Although they do not have physical bodies, they are still personalities. They have intelligence (Matthew 8:29; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Peter 1:12), emotions (Luke 2:13; James 2:19; Revelation 12:17), and exercise will (Luke 8:28-31; 2 Timothy 2:26; Jude 6). And the good angels are subject to God.

Because these heavenly beings are created, their knowledge is limited. This means they do not know all things as God (Matthew 24:36). Because angels (good and evil) have watched humans for thousands of years, they have acquired knowledge of human behavior and understand the Bible (Revelation 12:12; James 2:19).

Creation and Nature:

  1. Created Beings: Angels are portrayed as created beings who exist in the heavenly realm, distinct from human beings. They are described as part of God’s creation, formed by Him for specific purposes. (Colossians 1:16)
  2. Spiritual Entities: They are depicted as spiritual beings who lack physical bodies but possess intelligence, emotions, and free will. They are often described as beings of light and glory, reflecting the divine presence. (Hebrews 1:14)
  3. Multitude and Hierarchy: The Bible suggests that they comprise a vast multitude of beings, organized into various ranks or hierarchies. While the exact hierarchy is not explicitly outlined, references to seraphim and cherubim imply a structured order among angels. (Genesis 3:24, Isaiah 6:2)

Roles and Functions:

  1. Messengers of God: One of the primary roles of angels in the Bible is to serve as messengers of God, delivering divine revelations, announcements, and guidance to humans. The angel Gabriel, for example, appears to announce the births of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ. (Luke 1:11-20, Luke 1:26-38)
  2. Guardians and Protectors: They are depicted as guardians and protectors of believers, watching over them and offering divine assistance and intervention when needed. They are often portrayed as defenders against spiritual adversaries and earthly dangers. (Psalm 34:7, Psalm 91:11-12)
  3. Agents of Divine Judgment: In certain biblical narratives, they are depicted as executing God’s judgment upon individuals, nations, or supernatural adversaries. They serve as instruments of divine justice, carrying out God’s decrees with authority and power. (Genesis 19:1-22, Revelation 15:1-8)
  4. Guides and Helpers: Angels are sometimes portrayed as guides and helpers to individuals, providing direction, protection, and support in times of need. They assist believers in fulfilling God’s purposes and navigating spiritual challenges. (Acts 12:7, Hebrews 1:14)
  5. Worship and Adoration: They are depicted as perpetual worshippers of God, offering praise, adoration, and glory to Him in the heavenly realm. They join with redeemed saints in proclaiming the majesty and holiness of God. (Revelation 5:11-14)

Characteristics and Attributes:

  1. Holiness and Purity: Angels are described as holy and pure beings who stand in the presence of God and reflect His divine attributes. They are free from sin and moral imperfection, embodying righteousness and goodness. (Matthew 18:10, Mark 8:38)
  2. Strength and Power: Angels possess supernatural strength and power, enabling them to carry out their tasks and fulfill their roles as messengers and agents of God’s will. They are depicted as mighty warriors and instruments of divine authority. (2 Thessalonians 1:7, Revelation 18:1)
  3. Wisdom and Knowledge: Angels are portrayed as beings endowed with wisdom and knowledge, possessing insights into the mysteries of God’s purposes and plans. They convey divine wisdom to humanity and serve as conduits of spiritual understanding. (Daniel 9:22-23, 1 Peter 1:12)
  4. Transcendence and Mystery: While angels are described in the Bible, their nature and existence also contain elements of mystery and transcendence beyond human comprehension. They belong to the heavenly realm and operate according to divine purposes that surpass human understanding. (Isaiah 55:9, 1 Corinthians 13:12)

Interactions with Humanity:

  1. Visions and Appearances: Throughout the Bible, angels are depicted as appearing to humans in various forms, often in visions, dreams, or physical manifestations. Their appearances are intended to convey divine messages, offer guidance, or provide reassurance. (Genesis 16:7-14, Acts 12:7-11)
  2. Protection and Deliverance: Angels are frequently associated with acts of protection and deliverance, rescuing individuals from danger, oppression, or spiritual adversaries. They intervene on behalf of believers, ensuring their safety and well-being. (Daniel 6:22, Acts 5:19-20)
  3. Announcements and Revelations: Angels serve as bearers of divine announcements and revelations, delivering messages that convey God’s will, purpose, and plans for individuals, nations, or the world. Their appearances signify moments of divine intervention and communication. (Luke 2:8-14, Revelation 1:1)
  4. Guidance and Instruction: Angels offer guidance, instruction, and direction to individuals, guiding them in their spiritual journeys, decision-making processes, and encounters with God. They provide insights, encouragement, and warnings as needed. (Acts 8:26, Acts 10:1-6)


The Bible offers information about the nature of angels, depicting them as celestial beings created by God to serve His purposes and interact with humanity. They are portrayed as messengers, guardians, warriors, and worshippers who embody holy attributes and reflect the glory of God. Their roles and functions encompass a wide range of activities, from delivering divine messages to protecting believers and executing God’s judgments.

While the nature of angels contains elements of mystery, their presence in the biblical narrative serves to underscore the reality of the spiritual realm and the ongoing work of God in the world. As believers, we are called to recognize and appreciate their role in God’s plan and the work of redemption. Through their interactions with humanity, angels bear witness to the power, wisdom, and love of God, inviting us to join in their eternal worship and praise.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

We'd love your feedback, so leave a comment!

If you feel an answer is not 100% Bible based, then leave a comment, and we'll be sure to review it.
Our aim is to share the Word and be true to it.