Why was Daniel not thrown in the fiery furnace with his Hebrew friends?

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The story of the three Hebrew young men in the fiery furnace is found in Daniel chapter 3. King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, ninety feet high and nine feet wide, and set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon (Daniel 3:1).

Nebuchadnezzar’s command

And Nebuchadnezzar commanded that all people should be present for the dedication of the image. This attendance was to be a test of loyalty for all. And “He then summoned the satraps, prefects, governors, advisers, treasurers, judges, magistrates and all the other provincial officials to come to the dedication of the image he had set up (Daniel 3:2-3).

Once the crowd of officials was gathered, they were given orders to bow down and worship the image. “As soon as you hear the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipes and all kinds of music, you must fall down and worship the image of gold that King Nebuchadnezzar has set up. Whoever does not fall down and worship will immediately be thrown into a blazing furnace…” (Daniel 3:4-7).

The Jews accused of disloyalty

Jealous government officials were watching the Jews. They realized that their religion won’t allow them to bow to the image. So, they said to King Nebuchadnezzar, “‘O king, live forever! You have issued a decree… that everyone who hears the sound of … music must fall down and worship the image of gold, and that whoever does not fall down and worship will be thrown into a blazing furnace. But there are some Jews whom you have set over the affairs of the province of Babylon — Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego — who pay no attention to you, O king. They neither serve your gods nor worship the image of gold you have set up’” (Daniel 3:8-12). These government officials didn’t like “foreigners” getting more prominent government positions than the local citizens. So, they accused the Jews of not bowing.

When the king heard the accusation, he was angry.  But he gave the Jews a second chance saying, “‘Is it true, Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, that you do not serve my gods or worship the image of gold I have set up? Now when you hear the sound of … music, if you are ready to fall down and worship the image I made, very good. But if you do not worship it, you will be thrown immediately into a blazing furnace. Then what god will be able to rescue you from my hand?’” (Daniel 3:13-15).

The three young men’s defiance to the king

The three young Jewish men response to the king was clear and affirmative that they will not worship the image. For they said, “‘O Nebuchadnezzar, we do not need to defend ourselves before you in this matter. If we are thrown into the blazing furnace, the God we serve is able to save us from it, and he will rescue us from your hand, O king. But even if he does not, we want you to know, O king, that we will not serve your gods or worship the image of gold you have set up’” (Daniel 3:16-18)

The death decree and God’s deliverance

Then, Nebuchadnezzar was furious with Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, and his attitude toward them changed. And he ordered the fiery furnace heated seven times hotter than usual and commanded some of the strongest soldiers in his army to tie them up and throw them into the fiery furnace. And the king’s command was so urgent and the furnace so hot that the flames of the fire killed the soldiers who took them up (Daniel 3:19-23)

Nebuchadnezzar watched and waited to see the Jews burn. But he was greatly amazed of what he saw. And he asked his advisers, ‘Weren’t there three men that we tied up and threw into the fire?’ ‘They replied, ‘Certainly, O king.’ He said, ‘Look! I see four men walking around in the fire, unbound and unharmed , and the fourth looks like a son of the gods.’ Nebuchadnezzar then approached the opening of the blazing furnace and shouted, ‘Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, servants of the Most High God, come out! Come here!’” (Daniel 3:24-26a).

So, Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego came out of the fire, and all the officials crowded around them. They saw that the fire had not harmed their bodies, nor was a hair of their heads singed; their robes were not scorched, and there was no smell of fire on them (Daniel 3:26a-27).

The king’s acknowledgement of God

Then Nebuchadnezzar proclaimed, “‘Praise be to the God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, who has sent his angel and rescued his servants! They trusted in him and defied the king’s command and were willing to give up their lives rather than serve or worship any god except their own God. Therefore I decree that the people of any nation or language who say anything against the God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego be cut into pieces and their houses be turned into piles of rubble, for no other god can save in this way.’ Then the king promoted Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego in the province of Babylon” (Daniel 3:28-30).

Why was Daniel not present in the fiery furnace?

Some wonder: if Daniel was so faithful to God, why was he not present with his faithful friends in the fiery furnace? The Bible tells us that Daniel served as the “ruler over the entire province of Babylon and . . . in charge of all its wise men” (Daniel 2:48). Therefore, it is very possible to conclude that he was away on a mission or an assignment for the king and was therefore not present at the event described in Daniel 3.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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