The Trinity – Godhead
It is true that the word “trinity” is not found in the Bible, but it is equally true that the concept of the Godhead is clearly found there. There are many biblical concepts that people believe in that don’t have specific words identifying them in the Scriptures (ex. omniscience (Psalm 147:5), omnipotence (Ephesians 1:19), omnipresence (Proverbs 15:3), atheism (Psalm 14:1), incarnation (John 1:1,14), divinity (Psalm 139), etc.). Therefore, to argue that the Trinity isn’t true because the word isn’t found in the Scriptures is an invalid argument. There are many references in both the Old and New Testaments that clearly show the concept of the trinity:
Old Testament References to the Trinity (The Three Persons of the Godhead)
Genesis 1:1, 2
“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth… And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.” Here, we see God as the Creator and the Spirit of God or the third person of the Godhead as divine agent in the creative acts.
“Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
The Hebrew word, in this verse, for God is “Elohim.” It is a Plural noun that is used more than 2,700 times in the Old Testament. The plural “us” was regarded by the early church theologians almost unanimously as indicative of the three persons of the Godhead.
“Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever.” Here, the use of the pronoun “us” indicates the participation of at least two persons of the Godhead.
“Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.” Here, the use of the pronoun “us” again indicates the participation of at least two persons of the Godhead.
“Then the Lord rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the Lord out of the heavens.” Here, we see two members of the Godhead acting on the Judgement of Sodom and Gomorrah.
Daniel 7:9, 13
“I watched till thrones were put in place, and the Ancient of Days was seated… I was watching in the night visions, and behold, One like the Son of Man, coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought Him near before Him.” Here, we see the Father and the Son in the judgement scene.
“I will declare the decree: The Lord has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.” Here, is a clear reference to the Son of God. But this statement must not be interpreted as implying an original generation of the Son. For in Christ is life unborrowed and underived. The inspired apostle’s comment on the prophecy of this text makes the psalmist’s words a prediction of the resurrection of Jesus (Acts 13:30–33).
Psalm 45 :7
“Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness more than Your companions.” Here, is a reference that God the Father has anointed Christ the Son.
“The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” Substituting the Hebrew words for “Lord,” we have the following, “Yahweh said unto ’adoni.” According to Jesus’ statement the dialogue took place between God the Father and God the Son. Christ is seated in the place of highest honor in the universe, the right hand of His Father (Ephesian 1:20–23; 1 Corinthians 15:24–28).
“For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” Here, Jesus the Son is no less God than is the Father. He was one with the Father from the days of eternity (Psalms 90:2; Proverbs 8:22–30; Micah 5:2).
New Testament References to the Trinity (The Three Persons of the Godhead)
“After being baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove and lighting on Him. And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
“Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit . . .”
“And the Holy Spirit descended upon Him [Jesus] in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of heaven, “You are My [the Father’s] beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.”
“But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My [Jesus’] name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.”
“When the Helper comes, whom I [Jesus] will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me . . .”
Acts 1:4, 5
“And being assembled together with them, He [Jesus] commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, “which,” He said, “you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”
“Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He [Jesus] has poured forth this which you both see and hear.”
“You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.”
“Who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord . . .”
1 Corinthians 6:11
“Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.”
2 Corinthians 13:14
“The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all.”
“That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of Him.”
“For through Him [Jesus] we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father.”
“In whom [Jesus] you also are being built together into a dwelling of God [Father] in the Spirit.”
“Whom [the Holy Spirit] He [the Father] poured out upon us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior.”
“How much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God [Father], cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?”
1 Peter 1:2
“According to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: may grace and peace be yours in the fullest measure.”
1 Corinthians 12:4-6
“There are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. There are differences of ministries, but the same Lord [Jesus]. And there are diversities of activities, but it is the same God [Father] who works all in all.”
“But you, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit, keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.”
“There is one body and one Spirit, just as you were called in one hope of your calling; one Lord [Jesus], one faith, one baptism; one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.”
In His service,