Why do some people get baptized for the dead?

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“Otherwise, what will they do who are baptized for the dead, if the dead do not rise at all? Why then are they baptized for the dead?” (1 Corinthians 15:29).

Baptized for the dead

In this passage, the apostle Paul is in no way endorsing the practice of baptizing for the dead. He, is simply referring to a heretical practice where living Christians were baptized on behalf of dead and unbaptized relatives or loved ones, who were supposed thus to be saved by substitution. The early Church Fathers documented such unbiblical practice, referring to the custom of the Marcionite heretics (Tertullian Against Marcion v. 10; On the Resurrection of the Flesh 48; Chrysostom Homilies on 1 Corinthians xl. 1).

Personal faith in Christ

It is impossible for believers to be baptized vicariously on behalf of dead family members or loved ones. This is clear from the many Bible references which declare that a man must believe in the Lord as a personal Savior (Acts 16:31; Acts 8:36 John 3:16; 1 John 1:9) and confess his sins in order to benefit by baptism and be saved. “Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” (Acts 2:38).

Individual responsibility

The Bible teaches that in order for a person to be saved, he should make a responsible decision to follow the Lord. No one could make that decision for him.  The prophet Ezekiel wrote, “The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself. “But if a wicked man turns from all his sins which he has committed, keeps all My statutes, and does what is lawful and right, he shall surely live; he shall not die…“But when a righteous man turns away from his righteousness and commits iniquity, and does according to all the abominations that the wicked man does, shall he live? All the righteousness which he has done shall not be remembered; because of the unfaithfulness of which he is guilty and the sin which he has committed, because of them he shall die” (Ezekiel 18:20–24).

No man can save another

The Scriptures teach that even the most righteous of men can “deliver but their own souls” and no one else (Ezekiel 14:14, 16; Psalms 49:7). Further, death marks the close of human probation.For “it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment” (Hebrews 9:27, 28). Therefore, “None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him” (Psalms 49:7–9 also Ecclesiastes 9:5, 6, 10; Isaiah 38:18, 19; Luke 16:26).

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

This answer is also available in: हिन्दी

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