Why do Lunar Sabbath believers ignore that a day is made up of an evening and morning?

Author: BibleAsk Team

The Lunar Sabbath and the Evening and Morning

The debate surrounding the observance of the Sabbath has been a topic of contention among various religious groups throughout history. One particular perspective that has emerged in recent years is the belief in the Lunar Sabbath, which advocates for the Sabbath to be calculated based on the lunar calendar rather than the traditional seven-day weekly cycle. However, proponents of the Lunar Sabbath often overlook the foundational principle that a day, according to the biblical narrative, consists of an evening and a morning. In this exploration, we will delve into the reasons why Lunar Sabbath believers ignore this fundamental aspect of the biblical definition of a day.

  1. The Genesis Account of Creation: The biblical understanding of a day as comprising an evening and a morning finds its roots in the creation narrative presented in the Book of Genesis. In Genesis 1, each day of creation is described as consisting of an evening followed by a morning, signifying the completion of a twenty-four-hour period. For example, Genesis 1:5 states, “So the evening and the morning were the first day.” This pattern is reiterated throughout the creation account, emphasizing the cyclical nature of time as delineated by God.
  2. The Institution of the Sabbath: The significance of the evening-morning paradigm is further underscored in the institution of the Sabbath commandment. In Exodus 20:8-11, God commands the Israelites to “remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy,” and provides the rationale for its observance based on the pattern established in creation. Verse 11 states, “For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.” Here, the Sabbath is explicitly linked to the six-day creation cycle, wherein each day is characterized by an evening and a morning.
  3. The Weekly Sabbath Cycle: Throughout the Old Testament, the observance of the Sabbath is consistently portrayed as occurring on a weekly basis, following the pattern established in the creation narrative. Leviticus 23:32 reiterates this pattern, stating, “It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your sabbath.” This verse reaffirms the principle that the Sabbath begins at evening and continues until the following evening, encompassing a complete twenty-four-hour period.
  4. Historical and Rabbinic Interpretations: The traditional understanding of the Sabbath cycle based on the weekly pattern has been upheld by Jewish tradition and rabbinic interpretation for centuries. The Jewish calendar, which follows a lunar-solar hybrid system, incorporates adjustments to ensure the continuity of the weekly Sabbath cycle. This consensus among Jewish scholars and religious authorities underscores the historical validity and theological significance of the evening-morning paradigm in determining the Sabbath day.
  5. Challenges of Lunar Sabbath Interpretation: Proponents of the Lunar Sabbath theory argue that the weekly Sabbath should be determined based on the lunar calendar, with the Sabbath falling on specific lunar phases rather than a consistent seven-day cycle. However, this interpretation overlooks the explicit biblical language and narrative framework that establish the evening-morning pattern as the defining characteristic of a day. By disregarding this foundational principle, Lunar Sabbath believers depart from the traditional understanding of Sabbath observance rooted in biblical text and historical tradition.
  6. Theological Implications: The oversight of the evening-morning paradigm in Lunar Sabbath interpretation raises theological implications regarding the authority of scripture, the reliability of biblical chronology, and the continuity of Sabbath observance. By deviating from the established pattern of a weekly Sabbath cycle grounded in the creation narrative, Lunar Sabbath believers introduce uncertainty and inconsistency into the observance of the Sabbath, potentially undermining its significance as a sacred institution ordained by God.
  7. Reconciliation with Biblical Text: To reconcile the Lunar Sabbath perspective with the biblical narrative, proponents must provide compelling evidence from scripture that supports their interpretation while addressing the explicit language and narrative framework of the creation account and Sabbath commandment. However, the burden of proof rests on Lunar Sabbath believers to demonstrate the validity of their interpretation in light of the broader biblical context and theological tradition.


In conclusion, the oversight of the evening-morning paradigm by Lunar Sabbath believers represents a departure from the traditional understanding of Sabbath observance rooted in the biblical narrative and historical tradition. The biblical definition of a day as comprising an evening and a morning, as established in the creation account and reiterated in the institution of the Sabbath, serves as the foundational principle for determining the weekly Sabbath cycle. While the Lunar Sabbath perspective presents a novel interpretation of Sabbath observance based on the lunar calendar, it faces challenges in reconciling with the explicit language and narrative framework of the biblical text. Ultimately, the evening-morning paradigm remains a cornerstone of Sabbath observance in accordance with the biblical narrative and theological tradition.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

“Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men,
after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.” Colossians 2:8

Leave a Comment