Why do bad things happen to good people?


By BibleAsk Team

The question of why bad things happen to good people is one of the most profound and challenging aspects of human existence, touching on matters of morality, suffering, and the nature of God. Throughout history, theologians, philosophers, and ordinary people have grappled with this question, seeking answers that provide comfort and understanding in the face of adversity. The Bible does provide insights, perspectives, and principles that can help shed light on the matter. Let’s explore some of these reasons, supported by references from Word of God:

1. The Fall of Man and Original Sin

The concept of original sin, stemming from the disobedience of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, suggests that human suffering entered the world as a consequence of sin. While God created a perfect world, human rebellion introduced brokenness and imperfection, leading to suffering for all humanity.


  • Genesis 3:16-19: Describes the consequences of Adam and Eve’s sin, including pain in childbirth, toil in work, and eventual return to dust.
  • Romans 5:12: “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men because all sinned.”

2. The Fallen Nature of the World

The Bible portrays the world as fallen and marred by sin, resulting in various forms of suffering, including natural disasters, disease, and death. Bad things happen as a result of living in a broken world where the effects of sin are pervasive.


  • Romans 8:20-22: “For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it in hope; because the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs together until now.”
  • Ecclesiastes 9:11: “I returned and saw under the sun that—The race is not to the swift, Nor the battle to the strong, Nor bread to the wise, Nor riches to men of understanding, Nor favor to men of skill; But time and chance happen to them all.”

3. Free Will and Moral Responsibility

God has granted humanity free will, the ability to make choices, including choices that result in both good and evil actions. Sometimes, bad things happen because of human decisions, actions, or negligence, which can lead to suffering for others.


  • Joshua 24:15: “And if it seems evil to you to serve the Lord, choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve, whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the River, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you dwell. But as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.”
  • Galatians 6:7-8: “Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap. For he who sows to his flesh will of the flesh reap corruption, but he who sows to the Spirit will of the Spirit reap everlasting life.”

4. Spiritual Growth and Character Development

Suffering and adversity can serve as opportunities for spiritual growth, character refinement, and the development of virtues such as patience, perseverance, and compassion. Through trials, individuals may draw closer to God, experience His comfort, and emerge stronger in faith.


  • James 1:2-4: “My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials, knowing that the testing of your faith produces patience. But let patience have its perfect work, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking nothing.”
  • Romans 5:3-5: “And not only that, but we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance; and perseverance, character; and character, hope. Now hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us.”

5. The Mystery of God’s Sovereignty

While human reasoning may seek to understand the reasons behind suffering and why bad things happen to Good people, the Bible also acknowledges the mystery of God’s sovereignty and His ways, which are often beyond human comprehension. God’s purposes may transcend our understanding, and He may allow suffering for reasons known only to Him.


  • Isaiah 55:8-9: “‘For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Nor are your ways My ways,’ says the Lord. ‘For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, And My thoughts than your thoughts.'”
  • Job 38:4: “Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding.”

6. Hope in God’s Promise of Redemption

Ultimately, the Christian faith offers hope in the midst of suffering through the promise of redemption and restoration. While bad things may happen to good people in this life, believers look forward to a future where God will make all things new, and suffering will cease.


  • Revelation 21:4: “And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.”
  • Romans 8:18: “For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.”


The question of why bad things happen to good people is multifaceted and complex, touching on theological, philosophical, and existential considerations. While the Bible provides insights into the nature of suffering and its causes, it also acknowledges the limits of human understanding and the mystery of God’s ways.

Ultimately, the Christian response to suffering is grounded in faith, hope, and trust in God’s goodness, even in the midst of life’s most challenging circumstances. Through daily prayer, reflection on scripture, and community support, believers find strength, comfort, and resilience to face the trials of life, trusting in God’s promise of redemption and eternal hope.

Check out our Bible Answers page for more information on a variety of topics.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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