Why did Jesus rebuke the evil spirit for declaring He was the Messiah?


By BibleAsk Team

The incident in which Jesus rebuked an evil spirit for declaring that he was the Messiah is recorded in the New Testament, specifically in the Gospel of Luke. To explore this topic comprehensively, we’ll examine the context of the encounter, the significance of the Savior’s response, and the theological implications of this event.

The Context of the Encounter

The account of Christ rebuking an evil spirit for declaring him to be the Messiah is found in Luke 4:31-37. In this passage, the Savior is in Capernaum, a town in Galilee, where he is teaching in the synagogue on the Sabbath. His teaching captivates the people because of its authority, which contrasts with the teachings of the scribes.

Luke 4:33-37: The Encounter with the Evil Spirit

In Luke 4:33-37, we read:

“Now in the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon. And he cried out with a loud voice, saying, ‘Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!’ But Jesus rebuked him, saying, ‘Be quiet, and come out of him!’ And when the demon had thrown him in their midst, it came out of him and did not hurt him. Then they were all amazed and spoke among themselves, saying, ‘What a word this is! For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out.’ And the report about Him went out into every place in the surrounding region.”

Significance of the Evil Spirit’s Declaration

The declaration of the evil spirit in this passage is significant for several reasons. First, it acknowledges Christ’s identity as the “Holy One of God,” affirming his divine nature and authority. Second, it reveals the recognition of Christ by supernatural beings, indicating that even demons acknowledge his power and authority. Finally, it sets the stage for Christ’s demonstration of authority over the spiritual realm through his command for the demon to leave the possessed man.

Jesus’ Response

Despite the accuracy of the evil spirit’s declaration about Christ’s identity, the Savior rebukes the demon and commands it to be silent. This response may seem puzzling at first glance, considering that the demon’s declaration was true. The Lord reprimanded the evil spirit for two reasons:

1-The reproach was given because the spirit addressed Him as the Messiah. The Savior well knew that an open claim to the Messiah-ship at this time would only prejudice many minds against Him. Furthermore, the turbulent political situation in Palestine produced many false messiahs, who proposed to lead their countrymen in revolt against Rome (Acts 5:36, 37), and the Savior sought to avoid being considered a political messiah in the popular sense. This would have blinded the people to the true nature of His mission and have offered the authorities a pretext for silencing His labors.

2-The Savior avoided claiming to be the Messiah at the beginning because He desired that people should realize that through His life and actions. By studying His sinless life, listening to His words of truth, witnessing His miracles, and by seeing the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies, people should be convinced that He was indeed the Messiah that sent by God.

The Savior told the disciples of John who asked Him, “Are You the Coming One, or do we look for another?” Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell John the things which you hear and see: The blind see and the lame walk; the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear; the dead are raised up and the poor have the gospel preached to them. And blessed is he who is not offended because of Me” (Matthew 11:2–6). The Son of God wanted His followers to build their faith on evidence and not just on mere words.

3-Christ’s rebuke of the evil spirit demonstrates his authority over the spiritual realm. By commanding the demon to be silent and come out of the possessed man, Christ asserts his power as the Son of God and demonstrates his ability to deliver people from spiritual bondage.

Theological Implications

The encounter with the evil spirit in Luke 4:31-37 carries several theological implications:

1-Christ’s ability to command evil spirits with authority demonstrates his divine nature and power. As the Son of God, he possesses authority over the spiritual realm, including demons and unclean spirits.

2-The acknowledgment of Christ as the “Holy One of God” by the evil spirit underscores the supernatural recognition of His identity and mission. Even demons recognize His authority and submit to his commands.

3-The encounter highlights the ongoing spiritual battle between the forces of good and evil. Christ’s ministry involved confronting and defeating the powers of darkness, liberating individuals from spiritual oppression, and ushering in the kingdom of God.

4-Christ’s command for the demon to be silent reflects his intentional approach to revealing his identity and mission. Throughout his ministry, the Savior exercised discretion regarding the timing and manner of his public declarations as the Messiah, ensuring that his true identity would be fully understood in light of his sacrificial death and resurrection.


    The encounter in which Christ rebukes an evil spirit for declaring him to be the Messiah provides profound insights into the Savior’s identity, authority, and mission. Despite the accuracy of the demon’s declaration, Christ commands it to be silent, demonstrating his divine authority over the spiritual realm and his strategic approach to revealing his identity as the Son of God at His appointed time. This passage underscores the ongoing spiritual battle between the forces of good and evil and highlights Christ’s role as the victorious Savior who delivers humanity from bondage to sin and darkness.

    In His service,
    BibleAsk Team

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