Why did Jesus ask Peter “feed my sheep” (John 21:17)?

Author: BibleAsk Team


“Feed My Sheep” – John 21:17

This passage “feed My sheep” is found in the Gospel of John, specifically in John 21:15-17. This significant conversation between Jesus and Peter occurs after Jesus’ resurrection, during a poignant moment by the Sea of Galilee. To explore the depth and significance of Jesus’ directive to Peter, “feed my sheep,” it is essential to understand the context and the symbolic meaning behind this interaction.

Firstly, let’s look at the context of this encounter. After Jesus’ resurrection, the disciples were unsure of their next steps. Peter, in particular, had experienced a tumultuous series of events, including his denial of Jesus three times before the crucifixion. Jesus, in His infinite grace and mercy, sought to restore Peter and reaffirm his role in the community of believers.

In John 21:15, Jesus asks Peter, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me more than these?” This question is repeated three times, each time with a slight variation. Peter responds affirmatively each time, expressing his love for Jesus. The thrice-repeated question mirrors Peter’s threefold denial, highlighting the need for restoration.

Now, let’s focus on the specific phrase “feed my sheep.” In the cultural and historical context of shepherding in biblical times, the imagery of a shepherd was commonly used to represent leadership and care. The metaphor of sheep and a shepherd is prevalent throughout the Bible, emphasizing the relationship between God (or Christ) as the Good Shepherd and believers as His sheep.

In Ezekiel 34:23, God promises to set one shepherd over His people, and in Psalm 23, David beautifully describes the Lord as his shepherd. Jesus, in referring to Himself as the Good Shepherd (John 10:11), establishes a profound connection between His role and the care of His followers. By instructing Peter to “feed my sheep,” Jesus entrusts him with the responsibility of leading and caring for the followers of Christ.

The term “feed” in this context goes beyond the literal provision of food. It encompasses the spiritual nourishment and guidance required by believers. Peter is being commissioned to shepherd the flock of God, ensuring their spiritual well-being, growth, and protection.

In the broader context of the New Testament, the concept of feeding the sheep aligns with the Great Commission (Matthew 28:19-20), where Jesus instructs His disciples to make disciples of all nations. Peter, as a foundational figure in the early Christian community, plays a crucial role in fulfilling this commission. “Feeding the sheep” involves proclaiming the Gospel, teaching sound doctrine, and nurturing believers in their faith journey.

In conclusion, the exchange between Jesus and Peter in John 21:15-17, specifically the command “feed my sheep,” is a multifaceted and profound moment in the Gospel narrative. It symbolizes Peter’s restoration, underscores the shepherd imagery prevalent in biblical literature, and establishes the responsibility of Christian leaders to nourish and guide the followers of Christ. This directive continues to resonate in the contemporary Christian context, reminding both leaders and believers alike of their role in the spiritual care and growth of the community of faith.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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