Knowing the future, why did God create Satan and humans?


By BibleAsk Team

Understanding the concepts of knowing the future, the creation of Satan, and humans within the context of God’s divine plan involves delving into complex theological territory.

Knowing the Future

God’s omniscience is affirmed in numerous biblical passages. One such reference is found in Isaiah 46:9-10 (NKJV), where God declares, “For I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like Me, declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times things that are not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure.’” This passage emphasizes God’s unique ability to declare future events and underscores the certainty of His plans.

While the concept of divine foreknowledge raises questions about free will and determinism, the Bible asserts that God’s knowledge of the future does not negate human agency. Instead, it is viewed as compatible with human freedom, as God’s foreknowledge encompasses all possible outcomes, including those resulting from human choices.

Freedom of Choice

In the very beginning, God had very hard decisions to make. Would He create beings with the freedom to choose their own lives? God’s choice was made much harder by His foreknowledge (Isaiah 46:10). He clearly foresaw that to permit freedom of choice would lead to pain and death.

But He realized that only beings with total freedom of choice could have a meaningful relationship with Him (2 Corinthians 3:17). For without the freedom to reject God, neither could they choose to love Him (Galatians 5:13-14). God loves His creatures, and He desires that they may freely love Him (Revelation 3:20).

Creation of Satan

According to the Bible, Satan was originally a high-ranking angel who rebelled against God and was subsequently cast out of heaven. One of the most prominent biblical passages concerning Satan’s rebellion is found in Isaiah 14:12-15 (NKJV), where the fall of Lucifer is described:

“How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations! For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation On the farthest sides of the north; I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will be like the Most High.’ Yet you shall be brought down to Sheol, to the lowest depths of the Pit.”

Lucifer exercised his freedom of choice to elevate himself above God, leading to his downfall and expulsion from heaven. The narrative of Satan’s rebellion is further elaborated upon in other biblical texts, such as Ezekiel 28:12-17, which metaphorically describes the king of Tyre but is interpreted as referring to the fall of Lucifer. The existence of Satan is seen within the framework of God’s sovereignty where He overruled evil for a greater purpose.

Creation of Humans

The creation of humans is described in the book of Genesis, where God forms Adam from the dust of the earth and breathes life into him, making him the first man (Genesis 2:7, NKJV). Eve, the first woman, is subsequently created from one of Adam’s ribs (Genesis 2:21-22, NKJV). According to Genesis 1:27 (NKJV), humanity is created in the image of God, imbued with inherent dignity and value.

The purpose of human creation is to enjoy fellowship with God their Maker. Psalm 8:4-5 (NKJV) reflects on the significance of humanity in God’s creation: “What is man that You are mindful of him, and the son of man that You visit him? For You have made him a little lower than the angels, and You have crowned him with glory and honor.” Additionally, humans are entrusted with the stewardship of God’s creation and are called to exercise dominion over the earth (Genesis 1:28, NKJV). This stewardship entails responsible care for the environment, as well as the cultivation of relationships characterized by love, justice, and compassion.

Unfortunately, humans were deceived by Satan and they too chose to exercise their freedom of choice to disobey God’s command by eating from the forbidden tree (Genesis 3). Consequently, sin and death entered the world.

The Plan of Salvation

When humanity sinned (Genesis 3), God’s infinite mercy offers the plan of Salvation. God sends His only Son to bear the penalty and punishment that man deserved. “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life” (John 3:16). The ultimate expression of God’s love is at the cross where His justice and mercy are fully satisfied. Christ pays the price and redeems men from the consequences of their sins. The victory of Christ over Satan at the cross, guarantees the final destruction of sin (Genesis 3:15).


Even though God knew that His creatures would use the their free choice to oppose Him, personal freedom was so essential that God made the decision to create them anyway (Ephesians 3:12). Once this decision was taken, it would have been impossible for the Lord to delete them from His plans because if He did the freedom of choice would be turned into a falsehood.

In the end, God will be vindicated before all (Psalm 22:27). His character will show that He is a loving and a just God, who is willing to do whatever it takes to save His creatures even to the point of sacrificing Himself. “Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one’s life for his friends” (John 15:13).

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

Categories God

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