How does the term “Son of God” refer both to Adam and Jesus?

The use of the term “Son of God” to refer both to Adam and to Jesus should not be assumed to actually mean the same thing. It is a term used in different ways, as our limited language often leads us to do.

Adam was a son of God in that he was created in God’s image, as the Bible tells us in (Genesis 1:26). Jesus, on the other hand, is God’s only begotten Son (John 3:16). He is not created, but equally divine with the Father “who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God” (Philippians 2:6) .

Paul said, “For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive” (1 Corinthians 15:21-22). This comparison and contrast demonstrates that through Adam, we experience death. But through Christ, we experience life.

As men get their earthly nature from the first man, Adam, so they receive their resurrection bodies through Christ. The one is the head of the great company who have a temporal existence; the other is the head of all who through faith in Him will, at His second coming, receive a spiritual body and enter into eternal life (Rom. 5:15–18; 1 Cor. 15:51–54).

In 1 Corinthians 15:45-49, we continue to read: “Thus it is written, ‘The first man Adam became a living being’; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. But it is not the spiritual that is first but the natural, and then the spiritual. The first man was from the earth, a man of dust; the second man is from heaven. As was the man of dust, so also are those who are of the dust, and as is the man of heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. Just as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the man of heaven.”

Adam chose to sin. Adam was not deceived into sin, he knew that Eve had sinned, and he chose to sin. Jesus was tempted and tried, and could have sinned at any moment. The fact that He didn’t showed that He trusted God and connected Himself with the Lord’s power more readily and willingly than did Adam.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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