Who was Obadiah in the Old Testament?


By BibleAsk Team


Obadiah, one of the lesser-known figures in the Bible, is often overshadowed by more prominent prophets like Isaiah or Jeremiah. However, his brief but impactful book in the Old Testament holds significant lessons and insights. Let’s delve into the pages of the Bible to explore who Obadiah was, the context of his prophecy, and the timeless messages he delivered.

Historical Context

The Book of Obadiah is the shortest book in the Old Testament, comprising only 21 verses. Its authorship is traditionally attributed to a prophet named Obadiah, whose name means “servant of Yahweh.” Unfortunately, historical details about his life remain scarce, leaving much room for speculation. Scholars believe that the prophet lived during the time of the Babylonian exile, a period marked by political turmoil and the fall of Jerusalem.

Obadiah in the Bible

The Book of Obadiah is a prophetic oracle, and its content revolves around the judgment and restoration of Edom, a neighboring nation of Israel. Edom’s role in the destruction of Jerusalem and their mistreatment of the Israelites form the core of the prophet’s message. His prophecy is not only a condemnation of Edom but also a proclamation of God’s justice and sovereignty.

The Judgment of Edom

The prophet opens with a vivid description of God’s impending judgment upon Edom. The language is poetic and powerful, portraying the certainty and severity of divine retribution. In verses 1-4, the prophet declares the divine message against Edom, emphasizing their pride and arrogance as the root of their downfall.

“The vision of Obadiah. Thus says the Lord God concerning Edom— We have heard a report from the Lord, And a messenger has been sent among the nations, saying, ‘Arise, and let us rise up against her for battle.’” (Obad. 1:1, NKJV)

Edom’s Betrayal

Obadiah highlights Edom’s betrayal and hostility towards their brother nation, Israel. The prophet condemns Edom for standing aloof and rejoicing over the misfortune of Israel, even participating in the plunder of Jerusalem.

“For violence against your brother Jacob, Shame shall cover you, And you shall be cut off forever.” (Obad.iah 1:10, NKJV)

The Day of the Lord

The concept of the “Day of the Lord” is a recurring theme in prophetic literature, and Obadiah employs it to convey the ultimate judgment and reckoning that God will bring upon the nations. This day signifies the manifestation of God’s justice and the establishment of His rule.

“For the day of the Lord upon all the nations is near; As you have done, it shall be done to you; Your reprisal shall return upon your own head.” (Obad. 1:15, NKJV)

Restoration and Salvation

While the primary focus of Obadiah’s prophecy is judgment, it also contains a message of hope and restoration for Israel. The concluding verses speak of the restoration of the people of God and the establishment of His kingdom.

“The kingdom shall be the Lord’s.” (Obad.iah 1:21, NKJV)

Obadiah’s Relevance Today

Despite its historical context, the Book of Obadiah holds contemporary relevance. Its themes of justice, brotherhood, and divine retribution resonate across time and cultures. The call to reflect on our actions and attitudes, especially in times of prosperity or adversity, remains a pertinent message.


In the tapestry of biblical prophecy, Obadiah may be a thread, but his contribution is significant. His message transcends the specific historical context of Edom and Israel, offering timeless truths about God’s justice, the consequences of pride, and the ultimate hope of restoration. Obadiah stands as a reminder that even in the brevity of a few verses, profound and impactful messages can be found for those willing to listen and learn.

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In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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