Who was King Pekah in the Old Testament?


By BibleAsk Team

King Pekah

Pekah, a significant figure in the Bible, played a prominent role in the history of ancient Israel during a tumultuous period. His narrative unfolds in the books of Kings and Chronicles, offering a glimpse into the political and spiritual landscape of the Northern Kingdom. This exploration will delve into hi’s background, rise to power, reign, and his interactions with other biblical figures.

Background and Origins (2 Kings 15:27-28): Pekah emerges on the biblical stage during a time of political instability in Israel. His ascent to power is described in 2 Kings 15:27-28, where he is identified as the son of Remaliah. The circumstances surrounding his rise to prominence reflect the prevailing turbulence within the Northern Kingdom.

Reign as King of Israel (2 Kings 15:27-31): His reign as king is marked by both internal strife and external threats. According to 2 Kings 15:27-31, he takes the throne during the fifty-second year of Uzziah’s reign in Judah and rules for twenty years. However, his reign is tainted by his involvement in the assassination of his predecessor, King Pekahiah. His actions set the stage for a period of instability and conflict within Israel.

Alliance with Rezin and the Syro-Ephraimite War (2 Kings 15:32-37): One of the notable events during this king’s reign is the formation of an alliance with Rezin, the king of Aram (Syria). Together, they launch a military campaign against Judah during the Syro-Ephraimite War. This conflict, detailed in 2 Kings 15:32-37, shapes the geopolitical landscape of the region and impacts the Southern Kingdom of Judah.

Encounter with Prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 7:1-9): The prophet Isaiah plays a pivotal role in the biblical narrative involving Pekah. In Isaiah 7:1-9, the king of Judah, Ahaz, faces the dual threat posed by Pekah and Rezin. Isaiah delivers a message of reassurance, predicting the failure of their plans and the preservation of the Davidic dynasty. Pekah’s actions become part of the broader prophetic context outlined by Isaiah.

Assassination and Succession (2 Kings 15:30; 2 Chronicles 28:6-15): Pekah’s reign comes to a violent end when he is assassinated by Hoshea, who then takes the throne of Israel (2 Kings 15:30). The account is corroborated in 2 Chronicles 28:6-15, shedding light on the internal conflicts and power struggles within the Northern Kingdom during this period.

Legacy: Pekah’s legacy is one of complexity and ambiguity. While his reign is characterized by political intrigue, military ventures, and alliances, it is also marked by internal strife and instability. The consequences of his actions resonate throughout the biblical narrative, influencing the fate of both Israel and Judah.


Pekah’s presence in the Bible adds layers of depth to the historical and prophetic accounts found in the books of Kings and Chronicles. His reign serves as a backdrop for significant events, contributing to the larger picture of biblical narratives. By examining Pekah’s background, reign, alliances, and encounters with key biblical figures, we gain a richer understanding of the complexities that defined this period in the history of ancient Israel.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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