Which of Solomon’s wives did he compose his love song?

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By BibleAsk Team


According to biblical accounts in the Old Testament, Solomon succeeded his father, King David, to the throne of Israel. His reign marked a period of unparalleled prosperity and influence for the kingdom. Solomon’s wisdom, as famously demonstrated in the case of the two women claiming to be the mother of the same child (1 Kings 3:16-28), garnered admiration both locally and abroad.

Solomon’s Wives

Solomon’s wives were many and included women with heathen beliefs (1 Kings 11:1). In total, he had 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 Kings 11:3).  Although his reign was the golden age of the Hebrew monarchy, he erred by having many wives. For the Lord clearly instructed the Israelites that the king “Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away” (Deuteronomy 17:17). Sadly, Solomon’s many heathen wives caused him to stray away from the Lord (1 Kings 11:4). But at the end of his life, he repented of his folly (Ecclesiastes 12:8-10, 13-14).

Who Was the Bride?

The bride is defined as a Shulamite country young woman. The Shulamite (Song of Solomon 6:13) should perhaps be Shunammite (Kings 1:3) as suggested by the LXX. If so, the young lady was from Shunem, a town in the region of Issachar (Joshua 19:18), about 7 mi. (11.2 km.) east of Megiddo. Shunem was the place of the moving story written in 2 Kings 4:8–37, in which the prophet Elisha resurrected to life the son of his friend the Shunamite that showed him kindness by offering him a place to lodge.

When Was the Song Written?

The Son of Solomon 6:8 mentions—only 60 queens and 80 concubines or Solomon’s harem. The number of wives is much less than that given in 1 Kings 11:3. Obviously, this song was recorded at beginning of Solomon’s reign before he acquired his many wives.

Illustration – Christ’s Union to the Church

While the entire song is seemingly a love story of Solomon and a country girl of northern Palestine whom he married only for love, the story itself is used not as an allegory but as a lovely illustration. It shows the love of Christ for the church as a whole, and also for each individual member of the church. Both the Old and the New Testament Scriptures illustrate the affectionate union between God and His people/church by the relationship of a husband to his bride (Isaiah 54:4, 5; Jeremiah 3:14; 2 Corinthians 11:2).

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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