When were Adam and Eve created by God?

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In contrast to the evolutionary view that says that Homo sapiens came into existence 200,000 to 400,000 years ago, young-earth creationists believe the world is only a few thousand years old according to the book of Genesis. By following the Old Testament history and the chronologies in Genesis chapters  5 and 11, Bible students can reach an approximate date of creation.

We can certainly take the book of Genesis 1–11 as factual because Jesus, New Testament authors, and Old Testament authors referred to it as literal history. If their word cannot be trusted on this subject, then their authority is undermined on all other subjects.

Ussher’s Date

In the early 17th century Bishop James Ussher the Archbishop of Armagh (Church of Ireland), published on the most highly regarded chronologies of the world, which showed that the creation of Adam and Eve and the world was around 4000 BC. He used the chronologies in the Hebrew text of Genesis 5, 11 and other passages.

Ussher’s suggested the exact date of 4004 BC differed a little from other Biblically-based estimates, such as those of Jose ben Halafta (3761 BC), Bede (3952 BC), Scaliger (3949 BC), Johannes Kepler (3992 BC) and Sir Isaac Newton (c. 4000 BC).

On Ussher’s calendar, there was three distinct periods: the early times (Creation to Solomon), early age of kings (Solomon to the Babylon captivity), and the late age of kings (Ezra and Nehemiah to the birth of Jesus). When no information at all was provided in the Bible in a specific era, Ussher tried to link a known event from that period with a dateable event in another culture, such as the Chaldeans, Persians or Romans.

Ussher’s specific date for creation was probably affected by the idea that the Earth’s potential duration was around 6,000 years (4,000 before the birth of Christ and 2,000 after), corresponding to the six days of Creation, on the grounds that “one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day” (2 Peter 3:8). This view is still held today by many Christian scholars.

Age of the Earth Event Scripture Date
0 Creation Genesis 1:1–31 4004 BC
130 Seth born when Adam was 130 Genesis 5:3 3874 BC
235 Enos born when Seth was 105 Genesis 5:6 3769 BC
325 Cainan born when Enos was 90 Genesis 5:9 3679 BC
395 Mahalaleel born when Cainan was 70 Genesis 5:12 3609 BC
460 Jared born when Mahalaleel was 65 Genesis 5:15 3544 BC
622 Enoc born when Jared was 162 Genesis 5:18 3382 BC
687 Methuselah born when Enoch was 65 Genesis 5:21 3317 BC
874 Lamech born when Methuselah was 187 Genesis 5:25 3130 BC
1056 Noah born when Lamech was 182 Genesis 5:28 2948 BC
1558 Shem born when Noah was 502 Genesis 11:10 2446 BC
1656 Flood when Noah was 600 Genesis 7:6 2348 BC
1658 Arphaxad born when Shem was 100 Genesis 11:10 2346 BC
1693 Salah born when Arphaxad was 35 Genesis 11:12 2311 BC
1723 Eber born when Salah was 30 Genesis 11:14 2281 BC
1758 Peleg born when Eber was 34 Genesis 11:16 2246 BC
1787 Reu born when Peleg was 30 Genesis 11:18 2217 BC
1819 Serug born when Reu was 32 Genesis 11:20 2185 BC
1849 Nahor born when Serug was 30 Genesis 11:22 2155 BC
1878 Terah born when Nahor was 29 Genesis 11:24 2126 BC
2008 Abraham born when Terah was 130 Genesis 11:32; 12:4 1996 BC
2083 Abraham enters Canaan at 75 Genesis 12:4 1921 BC
2513 Exodus of the Jews from Egypt (430 years of slavery) Exodus 12:40 1491 BC
3420 Last deportation of the Jews 584 BC
4000 Birth of Christ 4 BC
6000+ Today AD 2000+

Ussher’s logical and historic research was his contribution to the theological debate on the age of the Earth. And today, annotated editions in the highly esteemed King James translation of the Bible is including Ussher’s revised chronology with their marginal annotations and cross-references.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

This answer is also available in: हिन्दी

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