When were Adam and Eve created by God?

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Young-earth creationists believe Adam and Eve were created few thousand years ago according to the book of Genesis. This view contradicts the evolutionary theory that believes that Homo sapiens came into existence 200,000 to 400,000 years ago. By following the Old Testament history and the chronologies in Genesis chapter 5, 11, Bible students can reach an approximate date of creation.

And the book of Genesis can certainly be received as factual simply because Jesus, New Testament authors, and Old Testament authors referred to it as literal history. If their word cannot be trusted on this subject, then their authority is not valid on all other subjects.

The date of creation

In the early 17th century Bishop James Ussher the Archbishop of Armagh (Church of Ireland), published on the most highly regarded chronologies of the world, which showed that the creation of Adam and Eve and the world was around 4000 BC. And he used the chronologies in the Hebrew text of Genesis 5, 11.

Beside the chronologies given in Genesis 5 and 11, Ussher used other periods of time given in several places in the Bible. There were three distinct periods: the early times (Creation- Solomon), early age of kings (Solomon – the Babylon captivity), and the late age of kings (Ezra and Nehemiah – Christ). When information was lacking in the Bible for a specific era, Ussher tried to connect a known incident from that period with a dateable incident in another culture (Chaldeans, Persians or Romans).

Ussher’s proposed exact date of 4004 BC varied a little from other Biblically-based researches, such as those of Jose ben Halafta (3761 BC), Bede (3952 BC), Ussher’s near-contemporary Scaliger (3949 BC), Johannes Kepler (3992 BC) and Sir Isaac Newton (c. 4000 BC).

Ussher’s specific date for creation was possibly based on the idea that life on Earth was around 6,000 years (4,000 before the birth of Christ and 2,000 after), conforming to the six days of Creation. This was based on the concept that “one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day” (2 Peter 3:8). This view is still strongly promoted by many Christian scholars. And today, annotated editions in the King James translation of the Bible are including Ussher’s revised chronology.

James Ussher chronology

 

Age of the EarthEventScriptureDate
0CreationGenesis 1:1–314004 BC
130Seth born when Adam was 130Genesis 5:33874 BC
235Enos born when Seth was 105Genesis 5:63769 BC
325Cainan born when Enos was 90Genesis 5:93679 BC
395Mahalaleel born when Cainan was 70Genesis 5:123609 BC
460Jared born when Mahalaleel was 65Genesis 5:153544 BC
622Enoc born when Jared was 162Genesis 5:183382 BC
687Methuselah born when Enoch was 65Genesis 5:213317 BC
874Lamech born when Methuselah was 187Genesis 5:253130 BC
1056Noah born when Lamech was 182Genesis 5:282948 BC
1558Shem born when Noah was 502Genesis 11:102446 BC
1656Flood when Noah was 600Genesis 7:62348 BC
1658Arphaxad born when Shem was 100Genesis 11:102346 BC
1693Salah born when Arphaxad was 35Genesis 11:122311 BC
1723Eber born when Salah was 30Genesis 11:142281 BC
1758Peleg born when Eber was 34Genesis 11:162246 BC
1787Reu born when Peleg was 30Genesis 11:182217 BC
1819Serug born when Reu was 32Genesis 11:202185 BC
1849Nahor born when Serug was 30Genesis 11:222155 BC
1878Terah born when Nahor was 29Genesis 11:242126 BC
2008Abraham born when Terah was 130Genesis 11:32; 12:41996 BC
2083Abraham entered Canaan at 75Genesis 12:41921 BC
2513Exodus of the Jews from Egypt (430 years of slavery)Exodus 12:401491 BC
3420Last deportation of the Jews584 BC
4000Birth of Christ4 BC
6000+Our dayAD 2000+

In His service,

BibleAsk Team

 

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