What will happen at the end of the Millennium?


By BibleAsk Team

The end of the Millennium, a thousand-year reign of Christ described in the Bible, marks a significant series of events in eschatological prophecy. According to scripture, these events include the the descent of the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, the resurrection of the wicked, release of Satan, and the final judgment of sin. This essay will explore these events in detail, providing references from the Bible.

1. Third Coming of Christ and the Saints at the End of the Millennium

Zechariah 14:5 (NKJV): “… Thus the Lord my God will come, and all the saints with You.”

2. Holy City Descends from Heaven with the Saints in it

Revelation 21:2-3 (NKJV): “Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, ‘Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God.'”

The New Jerusalem, described as a bride, emphasizes the intimate and eternal relationship between God and His people. This city represents the fulfillment of God’s promises and the restoration of perfect communion with Him.

Zechariah 14:1, 4, 5, 10 (NKJV): “Behold, the day of the Lord is coming … And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two. … Thus the Lord my God will come, and all the saints with You. … All the land shall be turned into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem.”

The New Jerusalem will settle where the mount of Olives now stands. The mountain will be flattened to make a great plain, upon which the city will come to rest. All of the saints (Zechariah 14:5), the angels of heaven (Matthew 25:31), God the Father (Revelation 21:2, 3), and God the Son (Matthew 25:31) will return to the earth with the holy city for Jesus’ special third coming.

3. Wicked Dead Raised and Satan Loosed

Revelation 20:5, 7, 8 (NKJV): “The rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished…When the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations.”

At the close of the 1,000 years or millennium (when Jesus comes the third time), the wicked will be raised. Satan, loosed from his bonds, will then have an earth full of people (from all ages) to deceive. Satan’s release and his subsequent deception of the nations demonstrate his unchanging nature and the continued existence of evil, despite the prolonged period of Christ’s righteous reign. He will gather a multitude for one final rebellion against God.

4. Satan Prepares for Battle

Revelation 20:7–9 (NKJV): “Satan will … go out to deceive the nations … of the earth … to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea. They went up on the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city.”

Satan will immediately begin lying to the wicked from all ages. He may claim that the city is really his, that he was unjustly cast out of the heavenly kingdom, that God is unfair. He will convince the wicked that, if they unify, God will lose the battle. With the entire world against one city, victory will likely appear certain to them. The nations will then unite and marshal their armies to surround the heavenly city.

5. Destruction of the Wicked

Revelation 20:11-12 (NKJV): “Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books.”

This passage describes the Great White Throne Judgment, where all the dead who did not participate in the first resurrection will be judged at the end of the millennium. The basis for their judgment will be their deeds as recorded in the books, highlighting the fairness and thoroughness of God’s judgment.

Revelation 20:9, 10; 21:8 (NKJV): “Fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them. The devil, who deceived them, was cast into … the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

Malachi 4:3 (NKJV): “ ‘The wicked … shall be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day that I do this,’ says the Lord of hosts.”

Fire will suddenly come down from heaven upon Satan and his followers and will be turned into ashes (Matthew 25:41). This fire that destroys sin and sinners is called the second death. There is no resurrection from this death. Satan will be in it, and it will put him out of existence.

This swift and decisive victory by God underscores His ultimate sovereignty and the futility of Satan’s rebellion. The fire from heaven that devours the rebellious forces is a demonstration of God’s immediate and powerful response to this final act of defiance. The casting of Satan into the lake of fire marks the end of his influence and existence. It signifies the ultimate triumph of good over evil and the permanent removal of the source of all deception and rebellion from creation.

6. New Heaven and New Earth

Isaiah 65:17 (NKJV): “Behold, I create new heavens and a new earth.”

2 Peter 3:13 (NKJV): “Look for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.”

Revelation 21:1 (NKJV): “Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea.”

Revelation 21:3 (NKJV): “The tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God.”

Revelation 21:5 (NKJV): “He who sat on the throne said, ‘Behold, I make all things new.’ ”

The passing away of the old heavens and earth signifies the end of the corrupted and fallen order. The absence of the sea in the new creation is symbolic of the removal of chaos and evil, ushering in a new era of peace and righteousness. God will create new heavens and a new earth, and the New Jerusalem will be the capital city of the earth made new. Sin and its deadly effects will be gone forever. The saints will at long last receive the kingdom promised to them. “They shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away” (Isaiah 35:10, NKJV).

Revelation 22:3-5 (NKJV): “And there shall be no more curse, but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and His servants shall serve Him. They shall see His face, and His name shall be on their foreheads. There shall be no night there: They need no lamp nor light of the sun, for the Lord God gives them light. And they shall reign forever and ever.”

This passage highlights the reversal of the curse of sin, the intimate relationship believers will have with God, and their eternal role in His kingdom. The eternal reign with God signifies the culmination of His redemptive plan and the perfect harmony between the Creator and His creation.

7. Review the Events at the End of the Millennium

  1. The third coming of Jesus with His saints (Zechariah 14:5).
  2. Holy New Jerusalem city settles on the Mount of Olives (Zechariah 14:4, 10).
  3. The Father, His angels, and all of the righteous come with Jesus (Revelation 21:1–3; Matthew 25:31; Zechariah 14:5).
  4. The wicked dead are raised; Satan is loosed (Revelation 20:5, 7).
  5. Satan deceives the wicked (Revelation 20:8).
  6. The wicked surround the holy city (Revelation 20:9).
  7. The wicked are destroyed by fire (Revelation 20:9).
  8. New heavens and earth created (Isaiah 65:17; 2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:1).
  9. The redeemed live forever with God on earth (Revelation 21:2–4).
  10. There will be eternal joy and peace (Isaiah 35:10).


The end of the Millennium is marked by a series of momentous events that bring history to its climax and fulfill God’s redemptive plan. The descent of the New Jerusalem, resurrection of the wicked, the release of Satan, his rebellion, and the judgment of the wicked, highlight God’s ultimate victory over evil and the establishment of His eternal kingdom.

Through these events, God’s justice, holiness, and love are fully revealed, offering believers the hope of eternal life in His glorious presence. The Bible’s descriptions of the events at the end of the millennium provide both a warning and a promise, calling for vigilance and faithfulness as we anticipate the fulfillment of God’s prophetic word.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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